Skip to main content

The Ostracoda: Applications in Quaternary Research

The Ostracoda: Applications in Quaternary Research

Jonathan A. Holmes (Editor), Allan R. Chivas (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66868-9

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

313 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 131.

Scientists generally acknowledge that the reconstruction of past environments requires the use of multiple indicators or proxies. Biological remains, which figure prominently in many studies, offer different values for different purposes. Whereas scientists frequently use and well understand some biological proxies, for example, the foraminifers in marine environments and pollen grains in terrestrial settings, other biological proxies are underutilised. In this book, we focus on one such indicator of Quaternary paleoenvironmental phenomena: the ostracods or, as they are sometimes known, ostracodes. Ostracods are small aquatic crustaceans that secrete shells or valves made of calcite, which are often preserved in Quaternary sediments. In addition to providing a complementary line of evidence in multi-proxy investigations, ostracods have a number of specific advantages as biological proxies. First, they are sensitive to a range of ecological variables, such as habitat type and water composition. Second, their shells can be used in geochemical and isotope analyses and, because shell secretion is a rapid process, the results provide a "snapshot" of water conditions. Third, ostracods are often preserved in environments where other important biological proxies are not; in alkaline environments, for example, ostracods are well preserved, yet diatoms tend to be dissolved. Thus, we seek to encourage Quaternary scientists working both in marine and non-marine environments to make more routine use of ostracods in their work.

Jonathan A. Holmes and Allan R. Chivas vii

Jonathan A. Holmes and Allan R. Chivas 1

Taxonomy, Morphology and Biology of Quaternary and Living Ostracoda
David J. Home, Anne Cohen, and Koen Martens 5

Ecology of Marine, Marginal Marine and Nonmarine Ostracodes
Alison J. Smith and David J. Home 37

Techniques for Collection and Study of Ostracoda
Dan L Danielopol, Emi Ito, Guy Wansard, Takahiro Kamiya, Thomas M. Cronin, and Angel Baltanas 65

Ostracoda and Paleoceanography
T M. Cronin, I. Boomer, C. S. Dwyer, and J. Rodriguez-Lazaro 99

Ostracod Palaeoecology
Patrick De Deckker 121

Ostracod Faunas as Ralaeoenvironmental Indicators in Marginal Marine Environments
Ian Boomer and Gary Eisenhauer 135

Climate Changes in the Lake Titicaca Area: Evidence From Ostracod Ecology
Philippe Mourguiart and Maria Eugenia Montenegro 151

Modern and Fossil Ostracods From Ancient Lakes
M. R. Frogley, H. I. Griffiths, and K. Martens 167

Ostracod Shell Chemistry—Overview
Jonathan A. Holmes and Allan R. Chivas 185

Trace Elements in Marine Ostracodes
Gary S. Dwyer, Thomas M. Cronin, and Raul A. Baker 205

Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of Marginal Marine Environments From Combined
Paleoecological and Geochemical Analyses on Ostracods
R Anadon, E Gliozzi, and I. Mazzini 227

Oxygen-isotope Studies of Ostracods From Deep Lakes
Ulrich von Grafenstein 249

Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, 818O and 813C Chemistry of Quaternary Lacustrine Ostracode Shells
From the North American Continental Interior
Emi Ito 267

Implications of Upper Quaternary Stable Isotope Records of Marine Ostracodes
and Benthic Foraminifers for Paleoecological and Paleoceanographical Investigations
Claudia Didie and Henning A. Bauch 279

Oxygen-isotope Systematics of the Nektic Ostracod Australocypris robusta
Allan R. Chivas, Patrick De Deckker, Sue X. Wang, and Joseph A. Call 301