This book is about water - in Britain, and in the world. It is about water resources, their conservation, protection of water quality for human consumption and aquatic ecosystems. Since the publication of the first edition in 1998, major political and regulatory changes have taken place; this book provides a clear and comprehensive update of conservation and water resource management issues in the UK over the past two decades, and – in an expansion of its original UK perspective – now includes examples of global best practice. The UK’s 2003 adoption of the EU Water Framework Directive has had enormous implications for the conservation and management of our water resources. In 2016, with the UK’s decision to leave the EU, the governance scene is entering upon an unpredictable future regarding its major water resource policies.
The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources, Second edition provides a clear and comprehensive update of conservation and water resource management issues. Chapter 1 deals with sustainability and water policy, outlines the issues and challenges, and asks: what is integrated water management? Chapter 2 reviews water availability and sufficiency in Britain, while Chapter 3 explores the dynamic between institutions and legislative framework. Chapter 4 introduces the catchment approach, and chapters 5 and 6 explore the issues of sustaining bulk supply and the imperatives of climate change. Chapter 7 looks at the contemporary background to water quality issues, and Chapter 8 provides case studies of catchment problems, both urban and rural. Chapter 9 describes solutions in land use change, including technical fixes and their sustainability. Chapter 10 is concerned with emerging governance arrangements, and Chapter 11 takes a global view, looking at successful examples around the world to find positive lessons from Europe, north America and Australia.
Notes on Author ix
Preface to the First Edition xvii
1 Water, Policy and Procedure 5
2 Water Resource Availability in Britain 31
3 Institutions and Legislation for Resource Management 63
4 The Catchment Approach: Ways and Means 101
5 Sustaining Bulk Supply: Consumption and Interference 131
6 Sustaining Bulk Supply: Possible Solutions 159
7 Water Quality Background Issues 193
8 Environmental Issues of Water Quality and Quantity 231
9 Towards Solutions: Land Use and Technical Fixes 275
10 Framing Water Policies: Emerging Governance Arrangements 313
11 The USA, Australia, Europe and Lessons to be Learned: Lessons to be Learned? 357