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The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology

Eric Raimy, Charles E. Cairns

ISBN: 978-1-118-55534-7 April 2015 Wiley-Blackwell 360 Pages


The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology unravels exactly what the segment is and on what levels it exists, approaching the study of the segment with theoretical, empirical, and methodological heterogeneity as its guiding principle.

  • A deliberately eclectic approach to the study of the segment that investigates exactly what the segment is and on what level it exists
  • Includes new research data from a diverse range of fields such as experimental psycholinguistics, language acquisition, and mathematical theories of communication
  • Represents the major theoretical models of phonology, including Articulatory Phonology, Optimality Theory, Laboratory Phonology and Generative Phonology
  • Examines both well-studied languages like English, Chinese, and Japanese and under-studied languages such as Southern Sierra Miwok, Päri, and American Sign Language

Notes on Contributors vii

1 Introduction 1
Eric Raimy and Charles E. Cairns

Part I Is Segmentation Real? 23

2 The Segment in Articulatory Phonology 25
Carol A. Fowler

3 Beyond the Segment 44
Markus A. Pöchtrager

4 A Prosodic Theory of Vocalic Contrasts 65
Chris Golston and Wolfgang Kehrein

5 Segmentation and Pinky Extension in ASL Fingerspelling 103
Jonathan Keane, Diane Brentari, and Jason Riggle

6 Categorical Segments, Probabilistic Models 129
Kathleen Currie Hall

Part II What Are the Roles of Segments in Phonology? 147

7 The Opponent Principle in RcvP: Binarity in a Unary System 149
Harry van der Hulst

8 Why the Palatal Glide Is Not a Consonant in Japanese: A Dependency]based Analysis 180
Kuniya Nasukawa

9 Determining Cross]Linguistic Phonological Similarity Between Segments: The Primacy of Abstract Aspects of Similarity 199
Charles B. Chang

10 Contrast and Vowel Features 218
San Duanmu

11 The Phonetics and Phonology of Segment Classification: A Case Study of /v/ 236
Christina Bjorndahl

Part III Case Studies 251

12 The Perception of Vowel Quality and Quantity by Turkish Learners of German as a Foreign Language 253
Katharina Nimz

13 Compensatory Lengthening in Hungarian VnC Sequences: Phonetic or Phonological? 267
Mária Gósy and Robert M. Vago

14 Pari Consonant Mutation as Defective Root Node Affixation 283
Jochen Trommer

15 Templates as Affixation of Segment]sized Units: The Case of Southern Sierra Miwok 314
Eva Zimmermann

Index 337