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Thinking and Problem Solving

Thinking and Problem Solving

Phil Banyard, Nicky Hayes

ISBN: 978-1-854-33049-9 August 1991 Wiley-Blackwell 32 Pages


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Open Learning Units offer a very flexible approach to the teaching of psychology. They are designed to be more than sufficient for the purposes of A/S and A-Level psychology, and the applied emphasis will appeal to various vocational courses such as those offered by BTEC and also to mature students on Access courses.
Their primary use will be in the classroom with a tutor's guidance, but the interactive style makes them equally appropriate for the purposes of self-study. More advanced students might want to use the Units to learn at their own pace, and in all cases, the careful structure of the writing and the extensive use of Examples, Open Questions and Self-Assessment Questions make them ideal revision guides.
Part 1: Defining Thinking.

Thinking as association.

Thinking as a response to biological demands.

Thinking as adaptation to the environment.

Thinking as cognitive restructuring.

Thinking as a resolving discrepancies.

Part 2: Reasoning.

Insight learning.

Cognitive style.

Human reasoning.

Decision making.

Part 3: Representation.

Concept formation.



Cognitive maps.

Part 4: The Development of Representation.

Modes of representation.

Representation and revision strategies.

Development of schemata.

Part 5: Problem Solving.

Trail-and-error learning.

Learning sets.

Lateral thinking.


Part 6: Computer Modelling.

Computer simulation.

Artificial Intelligence.


Further Reading.



Answers to Self-Assessment Questions.