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Tidal Mixing and Plankton Dynamics

Tidal Mixing and Plankton Dynamics

Malcolm J. Bowman (Editor), Clarice M. Yentsch (Editor), William T. Peterson (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66945-7

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

502 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 17.

This book represents an outgrowth of an interdisciplinary session held at the Seventh International Estuarine Research Federation Conference held at Virginia Beach, Virginia, October 1983. At that meeting, the participants agreed to contribute to and develop a monograph entitled "Tidal Mixing and Plankton Dynamics" by inviting an expanded group of authors to contribute chapters on this theme. The emphasis would be to review and summarize the considerable body of knowledge that has accumulated over the last decade or so on the fundamental role tidal mixing plays in energetic shallow seas and estuaries in stimulating and controlling biological production. We have attempted to provide a mix of contributions, composed of reviews of the state-of-the-art, reports on current research activities, summaries of the design and testing of a new generation of innovative instruments for biological and chemical sampling and sorting, and some imaginative ideas for future experiments on stimulated mixing in continental shelf seas.

List of Authors and Contributors VII

PREFACE Ill

PHYTOPLANKTON RESPONSES TO VERTICAL TIDAL MIXING
S. DEMERS, L. LEGENDRE, J.-C. THERRIAULT 1

ISLAND STIRRING EFFECTS ON PHYTOPLANKTON GROWTH
J.H. SIMPSON, P. B. TETT 41

PATTERNS OF PHYTOPLANKTON PRODUCTION AROUND THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS
G.C. FELDMAN 77

THE STIMULATION OF PHYTOPLANKTON PRODUCTION ON THE CONTINENTAL SHELF WITHIN VON KARMAN VORTEX STREETS
M.J. BOWMAN 107

DYNAMICS OF PHYTOPLANKTON PATCHES ON NANTUCKET SHOALS: AN EXPERIMENT INVOLVING AIRCRAFT, SHIPS AND BUOYS
J. W. CAMPBELL, C.S. YENTSCH, W.E. ESAIAS 140

THE INFLUENCE OF TIDAL MIXING ON THE TIMING OF THE SPRING PHYTOPLANKTON DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOUTHERN BIGHT OF THE NORTH SEA, THE ENGLISH CHANNEL AND ON THE NORTHERN ARMOR I CAN SHELF
R.D. PINGREE, G.T. MARDELL, P.C. REID, A.W.G. JOHN 164

ARE RED TIDES CORRELATED TO SPRING-NEAP TIDAL MIXING?: USE OF A HISTORICAL RECORD TO TEST MECHANISMS RESPONSIBLE FOR DINOFLAGELLATE BLOOMS
W.M. BALCH 193

TIDAL STIRRING VS. STRATIFICATION: MICROALGAL DYNAMICS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CYST-FORMING, TOXIN PRODUCING DINOFLAGELLATES
CM. YENTSCH, P.M. HOLLIGAN, W.M. BALCH, A. TVIRBUTAS 224

DYNAMICS OF LARVAL HERRING (CLUPEA HARENGUS L.) PRODUCTION IN TI DALLY MIXED WATERS OTTTHI EASTERN COASTAL GULF OF MAINE
D.W. TOWNSEND, J.J. GRAHAM, D.K. STEVENSON 153

THE IMPORTANCE OF BATHYMETRY TO SEASONAL PLANKTON BLOOMS IN HECATE STRAIT, B.C
R.I. PERRY, B.R. DILKE 178

THE EFFECTS OF SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN STRATIFICATION ON PLANKTON DYNAMICS IN
LONG ISLAND SOUND
W.T. PETERSON 297

OBSERVATIONS OF THE STRUCTURE OF CHLOROPHYLL A IN CENTRAL LONG ISLAND SOUND
R.E. WILSON, A. OKUBO, W.E. ESAIAS 321

PHYTOPLANKTON PATCHINESS IN THE CENTRAL LONG ISLAND SOUND
A. OKUBO, R.E. WILSON 336

EMPIRICAL MODELS OF STRATIFICATION VARIATION IN THE YORK RIVER ESTUARY, VIRGINIA, USA
D. HAYWARD, L.W. HAAS, J.D. BOON, III, K.L. WEBB, K.D. FRIEDLAND 346

TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL SEQUENCING OF DESTRATIFICATION IN A COASTAL PLAIN ESTUARY
E.P. RUZECKI, D.A. EVANS 368

EFFECTS OF TIDAL MIXING ON THE PLANKTON AND BENTHOS OF ESTUARINE REGIONS OF THE BAY OF FUNDY
G.R. DABORN 390

REAL-TIME CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL MARINE PARTICLES AT SEA: FLOW CYTOMETRY
CM. YENTSCH, T.L. CUCCI, D.A. PHINNEY, J. A. TOPINKA 414

DEVELOPMENT OF A MOORED IN SITU FLUOROMETER FOR PHYTOPLANKTON STUDIES
T. E. WHITLEDGE, CD. WIRICK 449