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Tomorrow's Chemistry Today: Concepts in Nanoscience, Organic Materials and Environmental Chemistry

Tomorrow's Chemistry Today: Concepts in Nanoscience, Organic Materials and Environmental Chemistry

Bruno Pignataro (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-62176-7

Feb 2008

493 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Providing a glimpse into the future, the young scientists contributing here were considered to be the most important for tomorrow's chemistry and materials science. They present the state of the art in their particular fields of research, with topics ranging from new synthetic pathways and nanotechnology to green chemistry.
Of major interest to organic chemists, materials scientists and biochemists.
Preface.

Author List.

Member Societies.

Part One Self-Organization, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

1 Subcomponent Self-Assembly as a Route to New Structures and Materials (Jonathan R. Nitschke).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Aqueous Cu(I).

1.3 Chirality.

1.4 Construction.

1.5 Sorting.

1.6 Substitution/Reconfi guration.

1.7 Conclusion and Outlook.

1.8 Acknowledgments.

2 Molecular Metal Oxides and Clusters as Building Blocks for Functional Nanoscale Architectures and Potential Nanosystems (Leroy Cronin).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 From POM Building Blocks to Nanoscale Superclusters.

2.3 From Building Blocks to Functional POM Clusters.

2.4 Bringing the Components Together – Towards Prototype Polyoxometalate-based Functional Nanosystems.

2.5 Acknowledgments.

3 Nanostructured Porous Materials: Building Matter from the Bottom Up (Javier García-Martínez).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Synthesis by Organic Molecule Templates.

3.3 Synthesis by Molecular Self-Assembly: Liquid Crystals and Cooperative Assembly.

3.4 Spatially Constrained Synthesis: Foams, Microemulsions, and Molds.

3.5 Multiscale Self-Assembly.

3.6 Biomimetic Synthesis: Toward a Multidisciplinary Approach.

3.7 Acknowledgments.

4 Strategies Toward Hierarchically Structured Optoelectronically Active Polymers (Eike Jahnke and Holger Frauenrath).

4.1 Hierarchically Structured Organic Optoelectronic Materials via Self-Assembly.

4.2 Toward Hierarchically Structured Conjugated Polymers via the Foldamer Approach.

4.3 “Self-Assemble, then Polymerize” – A Complementary Approach and Its Requirements.

4.4 Macromonomer Design and Preparation.

4.5 Hierarchical Self-Organization in Organic Solvents.

4.6 A General Model for the Hierarchical Self-Organization of Oligopeptide–Polymer Conjugates.

4.7 Conversion to Conjugated Polymers by UV Irradiation.

4.8 Conclusions and Perspectives.

4.9 Acknowledgments.

5 Mimicking Nature: Bio-inspired Models of Copper Proteins (Iryna A. Koval, Patrick Gamez and Jan Reedijk).

5.1 Environmental Pollution: How Can “Green” Chemistry Help?

5.2 Copper in Living Organisms.

5.3 Catechol Oxidase: Structure and Function.

5.4 Model Systems of Catechol Oxidase: Historic Overview.

5.5 Our Research on Catechol Oxidase Models and Mechanistic Studies.

5.6 Concluding Remarks.

5.7 Acknowledgments.

6 From the Past to the Future of Rotaxanes (Andreea R. Schmitzer).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Synthesis of Rotaxanes.

6.3 Applications of Rotaxanes.

6.4 Conclusion and Perspectives.

7 Multiphoton Processes and Nonlinear Harmonic Generations in Lanthanide Complexes (Ga-Lai Law).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Types of Nonlinear Processes.

7.3 Selection Rules for Multiphoton Absorption.

7.4 Multiphoton Absorption Induced Emission.

7.5 Nonlinear Harmonic Generation.

7.6 Conclusion and Future Perspectives.

7.7 Acknowledgments.

8 Light-emitting Organic Nanoaggregates from Functionalized para-Quaterphenylenes (Manuela Schiek).

8.1 Introduction to para-Phenylene Organic Nanofibers.

8.2 General Aspects of Nanofi ber Growth.

8.3 Synthesis of Functionalized para-Quaterphenylenes.

8.4 Variety of Organic Nanoaggregates from Functionalized para-Quaterphenylenes.

8.5 Symmetrically Functionalized p-Quaterphenylenes.

8.6 Differently Di-functionalized p-Quaterphenylenes.

8.7 Monofunctionalized p-Quaterphenylenes.

8.8 Tailoring Morphology: Nanoshaping.

8.9 Tailoring Optical Properties: Linear Optics.

8.10 Creating New Properties: Nonlinear Optics.

8.11 Summary.

8.12 Acknowledgments.

9 Plant Viral Capsids as Programmable Nanobuilding Blocks (Nicole F. Steinmetz).

9.1 Nanobiotechnology – A Definition.

9.2 Viral Particles as Tools for Nanobiotechnology.

9.3 General Introduction to CPMV.

9.4 Advantages of Plant Viral Particles as Nanoscaffolds.

9.5 Addressable Viral Nanobuilding Block.

9.6 From Labeling Studies to Applications.

9.7 Immobilization of Viral Particles and the Construction of Arrays on Solid Supports.

9.8 Outlook.

9.9 Acknowledgments.

10 New Calorimetric Approaches to the Study of Soft Matter 3D Organization (J.M. Nedelec and M. Baba).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Transitions in Confi ned Geometries.

10.3 Application of Thermoporosimetry to Soft Materials.

10.4 Study of the Kinetics of Photo-initiated Reactions by PhotoDSC.

10.5 Accelerated Aging of Polymer Materials.

10.6 Conclusion.

Part Two Organic Synthesis, Catalysis and Materials.

11 Naphthalenediimides as Photoactive and Electroactive Components in Supramolecular Chemistry (Sheshanath Vishwanath Bhosale).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 General Syntheses and Reactivity.

11.3 Redox and Optical Properties of NDIs.

11.4 Catenanes and Rotaxanes.

11.5 NDIs in Supramolecular Chemistry.

11.6 Applications of Core-Substituted NDIs.

11.7 Prospects and Conclusion.

11.8 Acknowledgment.

12 Coordination Chemistry of Phosphole Ligands Substituted with Pyridyl Moieties: From Catalysis to Nonlinear Optics and Supramolecular Assemblies (Christophe Lescop and Muriel Hissler).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 π-Conjugated Derivatives Incorporating Phosphole Ring.

12.3 Coordination Chemistry of 2-(2-Pyridyl)phosphole Derivatives: Applications in Catalysis and as Nonlinear Optical Molecular Materials.

12.4 Coordination Chemistry of 2,5-(2-Pyridyl)phosphole Derivatives: Complexes Bearing Bridging Phosphane Ligands and Coordinationdriven Supramolecular Organization of π-Conjugated Chromophores.

12.5 Conclusions.

12.6 Acknowledgments.

13 Selective Hydrogen Transfer Reactions over Supported Copper Catalysts Leading to Simple, Safe, and Clean Protocols for Organic Synthesis (Federica Zaccheria and Nicoletta Ravasio).

13.1 Chemoselective Reduction of Polyunsaturated Compounds via Hydrogen Transfer.

13.2 Alcohol Dehydrogenation.

13.3 Racemization of Chiral Secondary Alcohols.

13.4 Isomerization of Allylic Alcohols.

13.5 Conclusions.

14 Selective Oxido-Reductive Processes by Nucleophilic Radical Addition under Mild Conditions (Cristian Gambarotti and Carlo Punta).

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Nucleophilic Radical Addition to N-heteroaromatic Bases.

Part Three Health, Food, and Environment.

15 Future Perspectives of Medicinal Chemistry in the View of an Inorganic Chemist (Palanisamy Uma Maheswari).

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Ruthenium Anticancer Drugs.

15.3 Chemical Nucleases as Anticancer Drugs.

15.4 Inorganic Chemotherapy for Cancer: Outlook.

15.5 Acknowledgments.

16 Speeding Up Discovery Chemistry: New Perspectives in Medicinal Chemistry (Matteo Colombo and Ilaria Peretto).

16.1 Solid-phase Extraction.

16.2 Polymer-assisted Solution-phase Synthesis.

16.3 Microwave-assisted Organic Synthesis [10, 11].

16.4 Flow Chemistry.

16.5 Analytical Instrumentation.

16.6 Conclusions.

17 Overview of Protein-Tannin Interactions (Elisabete Barros de Carvalho, Victor Armando Pereira de Freitas and Nuno Filipe da Cruz Batista Mateus).

17.1 Phenolic Compounds.

17.2 Tannin Structures.

17.3 Interactions between Proteins and Tannins.

17.4 Experimental Studies of the Interactions between Proteins and Tannins.

17.5 Factors That Infl uence the Interactions between Proteins and Tannins.

17.6 Flow Nephelometric Analysis of Protein–Tannin Interactions.

17.7 Interactions of Tannins with Salivary Proteins – Astringency.

17.8 Polysaccharides and Astringency.

17.9 Acknowledgments.

18 Photochemical Transformation Processes of Environmental Signifi cance (Davide Vione).

18.1 Introduction and Overview of Environmental Photochemistry.

18.2 Transformation Reactions Induced by OH, NO2 and Cl2 − in Surface Waters.

18.3 Conclusions.

18.4 Acknowledgments.

Index.

"Das Buch ist in dem Stil von Zeitschriftenveroffentlichungen in der Chemie geschrieben, so dass sich derjenige, der an solche Veroffentlichungen gewohnt ist - und das sollte jeder Chemiestudent sein - schnell in das Buch hineinfinden wird."
http://www.chemieseite.de/buecher/ Februar 2008

"Insgesamt macht das Buch einen exzellent geschriebenen und redaktionell bearbeiteten Eindruck. Sein Inhalt ist hochaktuell und empfiehlt sich fur alle, die wissen wollen, wohin die Reise in der Chemie in den kommenden Jahrzehnten (wahrscheinlich) gehen wird."
BioSpektrum 02.2008