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Traffic Management

Traffic Management

Simon Cohen (Editor), George Yannis (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-786-30028-7

Jun 2016

378 pages

In Stock

$145.00

Description

Transport systems are facing an impossible dilemma: satisfy an increasing demand for mobility of people and goods, while decreasing their fossil-energy requirements and preserving the environment. Additionally, transport has an opportunity to evolve in a changing world, with new services, technologies but also new requirements (fast delivery, reliability, improved accessibility).

The subject of traffic is organized into two separate but complementary volumes: Volume 3 on Traffic Management and Volume 4 on Traffic Safety.

Traffic Management, Volume 3 of the ‘Research for Innovative Transports’ Set, presents a collection of updated papers from the TRA 2014 Conference, highlighting the diversity of research in this field. Theoretical chapters and practical case studies address topics such as cooperative systems, the global approach in modeling, road and railway traffic management, information systems and impact assessment.

Acknowledgments xvii

Preface  xix

Introduction xxiii
Simon COHEN and George YANNIS

Part 1. Data Collection  1

Chapter 1. A Review of Statewide Traffic Data Collection, Processing, Projection and Quality Control 3
Rafiqul TAREFDER and James BROGAN

1.1. Introduction  3

1.2. Current traffic data collection in New Mexico 4

1.3. NMDOT data processing and reporting 9

1.4. Traffic data projection and quality control 10

1.5. Conclusions  17

1.6. Acknowledgments 17

1.7. Bibliography  18

Chapter 2. SYNCRO – An Innovative Public Procurement of an Advanced Data Gathering System for Interurban Roads Based on its Technologies 19
Jean-Christophe MAISONOBE, Jean Daniel DEMOND, Giannicola MARENGO, Dolores ADAMSKI, Diego ALBESANO and Olivier LATOUILLE

2.1. Introduction  19

2.2. Elaboration of the SYNCRO technical vision: the SYNCRO functional program 21

2.3. A system to gather road data and to provide the current operational road management center with data 24

2.4. Impact and potential of the SYNCRO system  26

2.5. An innovative legal framework to implement three phases of the SYNCRO project  27

2.6. Conclusion 30

2.7. Acknowledgments 32

Chapter 3. Tailoring a Reference Model for C-ITS Architectures and Using a DATEX II Profile to Communicate Traffic Signal Information 33
Jörg FREUDENSTEIN and Ian CORNWELL

3.1. Introduction 33

3.2. Architecture of intelligent transport systems 34

3.3. A generic C-ITS architecture 36

3.4. A tailored architecture for the use case “Traffic Light Phase Assistant” 39

3.5. A DATEX II profile to communicate traffic light information 41

3.6. Summary  43

3.7. Bibliography 44

Chapter 4. Sensor City Mobility: The City of Assen as a “Living Lab” for Smart Mobility Solutions Using Sensor Data 45
Jan BURGMEIJER, Janiek DE KRUIJFF, Ernst Jan VAN ARK, Gerdien KLUNDER and Diana VONK NOORDEGRAAF

4.1. Introduction 45

4.2. Architecture, sensor network and technologies used 48

4.3. Use cases for mobility 51

4.4. Modeling 54

4.5. Preliminary results and evaluation of the experiment 57

4.6. Acknowledgments 58

4.7. Bibliography 59

Part 2. Traffic Modeling and Simulation  61

Chapter 5. Forecasting Capabilities of a Micro-Simulation Method for Trip Generation  63
Jorge CABRERA DELGADO and Patrick BONNEL

5.1. Introduction  63

5.2. Methodology  65

5.3. Results 72

5.4. Conclusion 75

5.5. Acknowledgments 75

5.6. Bibliography 75

Chapter 6. Modeling and Solving International Journey Planning Problems 79
Konstantinos N. ANDROUTSOPOULOS and Konstantinos G. ZOGRAFOS

6.1. Introduction 79

6.2. Defining international itinerary planning problems 80

6.3. Modeling issues 83

6.4. Previous related work 85

6.5. Algorithmic approach 87

6.6. Concluding remarks 92

6.7. Acknowledgments 92

6.8. Bibliography 92

Chapter 7. Optimized Intermodal Roundtrips in Transport Networks 95
Cecília VALE and Isabel RIBEIRO

7.1. Introduction  95

7.2. Model description 96

7.3. Computational applications 98

7.4. Conclusions  102

7.5. Bibliography  103

Chapter 8. Modeling Traffic Hindrance Caused by Road Construction as Part of a Multicriteria Assessment Framework 105
Eric VAN BERKUM and Henny TER HUERNE

8.1. Introduction 105

8.2. Framework 106

8.3. Route choice during road works 111

8.4. Example 115

8.5. Conclusion 117

8.6. Acknowledgments 118

8.7. Bibliography  118

Part 3. Traffic Management, Monitoring and Routing 121

Chapter 9. Behavioral Responses to Traffic Congestion – Findings from Paris, São Paulo and Mumbai 123
Gaele LESTEVEN

9.1. Introduction 123

9.2. Methodology 127

9.3. Results 130

9.4. Conclusions 134

9.5. Acknowledgments 136

9.6. Bibliography  136

Chapter 10. Empirical Analysis of Lane Changing Behavior at a Freeway Weaving Section 139
Florian MARCZAK, Winnie DAAMEN and Christine BUISSON

10.1. Introduction 139

10.2. Data collection site and technique 142

10.3. Methodology and definitions 143

10.4. Results 145

10.5. Discussion and conclusion 149

10.6. Bibliography 150

Chapter 11. Applying and Testing a New Generation Traffic Management with Multi-objectives 153
Martijn DE KIEVIT and Yusen CHEN

11.1. Introduction 153

11.2. Definitions 155

11.3. Literature review 156

11.4. Methodology 159

11.5. Application cases and results 159

11.6. Concluding remarks 164

11.7. Acknowledgments 164

11.8. Bibliography 165

Chapter 12. ON-TIME: A Framework for Integrated Railway Network Operation Management 167
Thomas ALBRECHT, and Meena DASIGI

12.1. Introduction 167

12.2. Real-time perturbation management 171

12.3. Train speed control 175

12.4. Demonstration and validation approach 178

12.5. Conclusions 180

12.6. Acknowledgments 180

12.7. Bibliography 180

Chapter 13. A Multi-Lane Capacity Model Designed for Variable Speed Limit Applications 183
Aurélien DURET

13.1. Background 183

13.2. MLC model 186

13.3. Meso-LWR model and multi-lane capacity model 192

13.4. Application 194

13.5. Discussion 199

13.6. Acknowledgments 200

13.7. Bibliography 200

Chapter 14. Evaluation Parameters of Re-routing Strategy 203
Vladimir ZYRYANOV and Anastasia FEOFILOVA

14.1. Introduction 203

14.2. Simulation framework 205

14.3. Determination of the dynamic re-routing start based on traffic flow conditions 209

14.4. Conclusion 214

14.5. References 215

Part 4. Travel Information 217

Chapter 15. Pre-Trip Road Information Impact Assessment: A Literature Review 219
Sylvain BELLOCHE, Charlotte PIERREFEU and Caroline SORAND

15.1. Introduction 219

15.2. Pre-trip road information content and broadcasting media 220

15.3. Determining factors for user choice 223

15.4. Pre-trip road information impacts 225

15.5. Conclusions and discussion 231

15.6. Bibliography 232

Chapter 16. Transferability Study on Full-scale Implementation of Real-time Passenger Information 235
Mitja KLEMENCIC, Vlasta RODOšEK, Marko CELAN and Marjan LEP

16.1. Introduction 235

16.2. RTPI testing in Maribor 236

16.3. Benefits of the RTPI system 238

16.4. Cost benefit analysis and RTPI system 240

16.5. Mobility toolbox as transferability tool 246

16.6. Conclusion 248

16.7. Acknowledgments 248

16.8. Bibliography 249

Chapter 17. Excess Commuting and Commuting Economy: Peak and Off-Peak Variation in Travel Efficiency Measures 251
Enda MURPHY

17.1. Introduction . 251

17.2. Excess commuting, commuting economy and off-peak travel 252

17.3. Data and methods 256

17.4. Results 259

17.5. Conclusions and limitations 264

17.6. Bibliography 265

Chapter 18. Deployment of Interoperable Cross-Border Multimodal Traveler Information in Central Europe 267
Gerhard MENZEL, Martin BÖHM and Katharina ZWICK

18.1. Introduction 267

18.2. The EDITS concept 269

18.3. Conclusion 274

18.4. Bibliography 275

Part 5. Assessment and Impacts 277

Chapter 19. The Impacts of Cooperative raffic Systems on Safety, Environment and Travel Times: A Literature Survey 279
Isabela MOCANU, Philippe NITSCHE and Kerry MALONE

19.1. Introduction 279

19.2. Description of systems and bundles 281

19.3. Reviewed literature 283

19.4. Methodology 284

19.5. Results 287

19.6. Conclusions and recommendations 289

19.7. Acknowledgments 290

19.8. Bibliography 291

Chapter 20. The Impact of Navigation Support and Traffic Information on Distance-keeping Behavior 293
Aikaterini TOULIOU, Evangelia GAITANIDOU and Evangelos BEKIARIS

20.1. Introduction 293

20.2. Methods 296

20.3. Results 299

20.4. Discussion 302

20.5. Bibliography 304

Chapter 21. Impact Evaluation of Traffic Performance and Road Safety: A Case Study on an Urban Motorway in France 307
Simon COHEN and Zoi CHRISTOFOROU

21.1. Introduction 307

21.2. The site and the its application 308

21.3. Evaluation of the impact on traffic 310

21.4. Road safety implications 313

21.5. Discussion 315

21.6. Conclusions 316

21.7. Bibliography 317

Chapter 22. Assessment of the Main New Travel-times Calculation Technologies on Lyon East Ring Road 319
Eric PURSON, Alexis BACELAR, Eric KLEIN, Bruno LEVILLY and Fabrice RECLUS

22.1. Introduction 319

22.2. The trial site 321

22.3. Assessed technologies 323

22.4. Implemented methodology 324

22.5. Innovative administrative procedure 328

22.6. Conclusion 329

22.7. Acknowledgments 329

22.8. Bibliography 329

Chapter 23. Rail Externalities: Assessing the Social Cost of Rail Congestion 331
María PÉREZ HERRERO, Julien BRUNEL and Gregoire MARLOT

23.1. Introduction 331

23.2. Related literature 332

23.3. The model and the econometric strategy 335

23.4. The data set 336

23.5. Results 338

23.6. Conclusions 341

23.7. Acknowledgments 342

23.8. Bibliography 342

List of Authors 345

Index 349