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Transformation of Collective Intelligences: Perspective of Transhumanism

Transformation of Collective Intelligences: Perspective of Transhumanism

Jean-Max Noyer

ISBN: 978-1-119-37090-1 October 2016 Wiley-ISTE 258 Pages

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There is a great transformation of the production of knowledge and intelligibility. The "digital fold of the world" (with the convergence of NBIC) affects the collective assemblages of “thought”, of research.  The aims of these assemblages are also controversial issues. From a general standpoint, these debates concern “performative science and performative society”. But one emerges and strengthens that has several names: transhumanism, post-humanism, speculative post-humanism. It appears as a great narration, a large story about the future of our existence, facing our entry into the Anthropocene. It is also presented as a concrete utopia with an anthropological and technical change. In this book, we proposed to show how collective intelligences stand in the middle of the coupling of ontological horizons and of the “process of bio-technical maturation”.

Introduction  ix

Chapter 1. Elements of the General Configuration and Adaptive Landscape of Collective Intelligences  1

1.1. The intertwined narratives of tangible utopias and brilliant futures  1

1.2. Intelligence is “always already collective and machined”  5

1.3. Collective intelligences in the weaving of data  9

1.4. Semiotics and statistics  13

1.5. Data cities and human becomings: the new milieus of intelligence 17

1.5.1. Open Data (OD): a heterogeneous movement, the contribution to novel forms of knowledge in question  22

1.6. Coupling OD/big data/data mining 32

1.7. The semantic web as intellectual technology 34

1.8. Toward understanding onto-ethologies  42

1.9. Marketing intelligences: data and graphs in the heat of passions 50

1.10. Personal data: private property as an open and unstable process  59

1.11. The figures of the network 64

1.12. Machinic interfaces: social subjection and enslavement  67

1.13. Collective intelligences and anthropological concerns 70

1.14. Toward a new encyclopedic state: first overview  74

1.15. Controversies and boundaries 78

1.16. The milieus of intelligence and knowledge 84

1.17. Which criteria for writings?  86

1.18. Collective intelligences of usage and doxic collective intelligences: the status of short forms 90

1.19. Collective intelligences, self-organization, “swarm” intelligences 92

1.20. Short forms, relinkage, relaunching  99

1.21. Insomniac commentary as a catastrophic correction of short forms  100

1.22. Twitter as a Markovian Territory: a few remarks  103

Chapter 2. Post- and Transhumanist Horizons  107

2.1. Some bioanthropotechnical transformations 107

2.2. What to do with our brain?  113

2.3. About transhumanism and speculative posthumanism 122

2.4. Epigenetic and epiphylogenetic plasticity 125

2.5. Speculative uncertainties 127

2.6. Trans- and posthumanism as they present themselves  152

Chapter 3. Fragmented Encyclopedism 169

3.1. Collective intelligences and the encyclopedic problem 169

3.2. The political utopia in store 170

3.3. Encyclopedism and digital publishing modes 174

3.4. A new documentary process 176

3.5. Fragmented encyclopedism: education/interfaces  190

3.6. Encyclopedism and correlations 192

3.6.1. “Correlation is enough”: the Anderson controversy, and the J. Gray paradigm and their limits  192

3.7. “Perplication” in knowledge 198

3.7.1. Doxic tension in fragmented encyclopedism and format accordingly 198

3.8. Networks of the digital environment  199

3.8.1. Variations of speed and slowness at the center of encyclopedic pragmatics 200

3.9. Knowledge and thought in fragmented encyclopedism 201

3.10. What criteriology for encyclopedic writings?  202

3.11. Borders in fragmented encyclopedism: autoimmune disorders and disagreement  205

3.12. Fragmented encyclopedism: a habitat for controversies?  207

3.13. Encyclopedism according to the semantic and sociosemantic web (ontologies and web): mapping(s) and semantic levels 209

3.14. From ontologies to “onto-ethologies” and assemblages 212

3.15. Fragmented encyclopedism in the digital age: metalanguage and combinatorial  214

3.15.1. Encyclopedism and doxic immanence field: the proliferation of short forms 216

3.16. From fragmented encyclopedism to gaseous encyclopedism  217

Bibliography  219

Index 233Conclusion