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Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

Pieter Vos (Editor), Ramon Diaz-Arrastia (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-65632-7 December 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 248 Pages




Traumatic Brain Injury provides practical, neurological guidance to the diagnosis and management of patients who suffer from traumatic brain injury.

Taking a “patient journey” in traumatic brain injury, from prehospital management to the emergency department, into rehabilitation and finally reemergence in the community, it demonstrates how neurologists can facilitate recovery at all points along the way. It provides guidelines and algorithms to help support patients with brain injury within trauma centers, in posttraumatic care following discharge, and with mild traumatic brain injury not requiring immediate hospitalization.

From an international team of expert editors and contributors, Traumatic Brain Injury is a valuable resource for neurologists, trainee neurologists, and others working with patients with traumatic brain injury.

List of contributors vii

Preface x

Acknowledgments xii

Part I: Introduction and imaging

1 The clinical problem of traumatic head injury 3
Ramon Diaz-Arrastia and Pieter E. Vos

2 Neuroimaging in traumatic brain injury 13
Pieter E. Vos Carlos Marquez de la Plata and Ramon Diaz-Arrastia

Part II: Prehospital and ED care

3 Out-of-hospital management in traumatic brain injury 45
Peter R.G. Brink

4 Emergency department evaluation of mild traumatic brain injury 55
Noel S. Zuckerbraun C. Christopher King and Rachel P. Berger

5 In-hospital observation for mild traumatic brain injury 71
Pieter E. Vos and Dafin F. Muresanu

Part III: In hospital

6 ICU care: surgical and medical management—indications for immediate surgery 89
Peter S. Amenta and Jack Jallo

7 ICU care: surgical and medical management—neurological monitoring and treatment 115
Luzius A. Steiner

8 ICU care: surgical and medical management—systemic treatment 134
Lori Shutter

Part IV: Rehabilitation

9 Rehabilitation of cognitive deficits after traumatic brain injury 165
Philippe Azouvi and Claire Vallat-Azouvi

Part V: Postacute care and community in reintegration

10 Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury 183
Ramon Diaz-Arrastia and Kimbra Kenney

11 Neuropsychiatric and behavioral sequelae 192
Kathleen F. Pagulayan and Jesse R. Fann

12 Follow-up and community integration of mild traumatic brain injury 211
Joukje van der Naalt and Joke M. Spikman

Index 226