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Triazoles 1, 2, 4, Volume 37

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Triazoles 1, 2, 4, Volume 37

Carroll Temple (Editor), John A. Montgomery (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-18861-3 September 2009 791 Pages

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Description

The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, since its inception, has been recognized as a cornerstone of heterocyclic chemistry. Each volume attempts to discuss all aspects – properties, synthesis, reactions, physiological and industrial significance – of a specific ring system. To keep the series up-to-date, supplementary volumes covering the recent literature on each individual ring system have been published. Many ring systems (such as pyridines and oxazoles) are treated in distinct books, each consisting of separate volumes or parts dealing with different individual topics. With all authors are recognized authorities, the Chemistry of Heterocyclic Chemistry is considered worldwide as the indispensable resource for organic, bioorganic, and medicinal chemists.

Introduction 1

1 Alkyl- Or Aryl-Monosubsttcuted 1,2,4-Triazoles 3

1.1 1-Alkyl-or Aryl-Substituted 1H-1,2,4-Triazoles 3

1.2 3-Alkyl- or Aryl-Substituted s-Triazoles 6

1.3 4-Alkyl-or Aryl-Substituted 4H-1,2,4-Triazoles 10

2 Alkyl- Or Aryl-Disubstctuted 1,2,4-Triazoles 30

2.1 1,3-Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,4-Triazoles

2.2 1,5-Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted 1H-1,2,4-Triazoles

2.3 3,4-Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted 4H-1,2,4-Triazoles

2.4 3,5-Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted s-Triazoles

3 Alkyl- Or Aryl-Trisubstituted 1,2,4-Triazoles 62

3.1 1,3,5-Alkyl-or Aryl-Trisubstituted 1H-1,2,4-Triazoles 63

3.2 3,4,5-Alkyl- or Aryl-Trisubstituted 4H-1,2,4-Triazoles 69

4 1,2,4-Triazolecarboxylic Acids Functional Derivatives And Their 96

5 Acyl-1,2,4-Triazoles 121

6 Amino- 1,2,4-Triazoles 130

6.1a 3(or 5)-Amino(unsubstituted)-s-Triazoles 130

6.1b 3(or 5)-Amino(substituted)-s-Triazoles 135

6.2 3(or 5)-Amino-1H-1,2,4-Triazoles 144

6.3 3(or 5)-Amino-4H-1,2,4-Triazoles 151

6.4 4- Amino-4H-1,2,4-Triazoles 155

7 Diamino- and Tri Amino-1,2,4-Triazoles 205

7.1 3,5-Diamino-l,2,4-Triazoles 205

7.2 Other Diamino- and Triamino-1,2,4-Triazoles 211

8 Azido-, Azo-, Diazo-, Diazoamino (Triazeno-)-,Nitramino-, Nitrosamino-, And Nitro-1,2,4- Triazoles Containing One Or More Of These Functional Groups 225

9 O-Substituted Oxy-1,2,4-Triazoles 239

9.1 Alkyl-, Aryl- and Acyl- Mono- and Di-O-Substituted 1,2,4- Triazoles 239

9.2 O-(1,2,4-Triazole) Derivatives of Phosphorous Acids 241

10 S-Substituted Thio-, Sulfinyl-, Or Sulfonyl-1,2,4-Triazoles, 3,3'-Dithobisf 1,2,4-Tri Azoles J, and 1,2,4-Triazolesulfonic Acids And Their Functional Derivatives 251

10.1 Mono- and Di-S-Substituted Thio-1,2,4-Triazoles 251

10.2 3,3'-Dithiobis[1.2.4-triazoles], Sulfinyl- or Sulfonyl-1,2,4-triazoles, and 1,2,4-Triazolesulfonic Acids and Their Functional Derivatives 258

10.2a 3,3'-Dithiobis[l,2,4-triazoles] 258

10.2b S-Substituted Sulfinyl- or Sulfonyl-1,2,4-Triazoles 259

10.2c 1,2,4-Triazolesulfonic Acids and Their Functional Derivatives 261

11 Mono-, Di-, And Trihalo-1,2,4-Triazoles 288

12 1,2,4-Triazoles Containing More Than One Rep-Resentative Function 297

12.1 Mono- and Diamino-1,2,4-Triazolecarboxylic Acids and Their Functional Derivatives 297

12.2 S-Substituted Thio-, Sulfinyl-, Sulfonyl-, and Acylthio-1,2,4- Triazolecarboxylic Acids and Their Functional Derivatives 301

12.3 Miscellaneous 1,2,4-Triazolecarboxylic Acids and Their Functional Derivatives 302

12.4 Miscellaneous Acyl-1,2,4-Triazoles 307

12.5 Amino-S-Substituted Thio-, Sulfinyl- or Sulfonyl-1,2,4-Triazoles 311 

12.6 Miscellaneous O-(1,2,4-Triazole) Derivatives of Phosphorous Acids 316

12.7 Miscellaneous 1,2,4-Triazoles 316

13 Alkyl- Or Aryl-1,2,4-Triazolin-5-Ones 365

13.1 Alkyl- or Aryl-Monosubstituted A2(or A3)-l,2,4-Triazolin-5- ones 365

13.2 Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted A2(or A’)-l,2,4-Triazolin-5- ones 371

13.3 Alkyl- or Aryl-Trisubstituted A2(or A', A3)-l,2,4-Triazolin-5- ones 381

14 Alkyl- Or Aryl-1,2,4-Triazoline-5-Thiones

14.1 Alkyl- or Aryl-Monosubstituted A2(or A3)-1,2,4-Triazoline- 5-thiones 404

14.2 Alkyl- or Aryl-Disubstituted A2(or A3)-l,2,4-Triazoline-5- thiones 411

14.3 Alkyl- or Aryl-Trisubstituted A2(or A', A3)-1,2,4-Triazoline- 5-thiones 417

15 L,2,4-Triazolin-5-Ones Containing More Than One Representative Function 443

15.1 Acyl-A2-1,2,4-Triazolin-5-ones 443

15.2 Amino- and Diamino-A2(or A’)-l,2,4-Triazolin-5-ones 444

15.3 S-Substituted Thio- and Sulfonyl-1,2,4-Triazolin-5-ones 452

15.4 Miscellaneous A2(or A’)-l,2,4-Triazolin-5-ones 453

16 L,2,4-Triazoline-5-Thiones Containing More Than One Representative Function 475

16.1 Amino- and Diamino-A2(or A3)-l,2,4-Triazoline-5-thiones 475

16.2 Miscellaneous A2(or A3)-l,2,4-Triazoline-5-thiones 488

17 Miscellaneous A2(Or A’)-1,2,4-Triazolines Containing One Or More Representative Functions 503

18 1,2,4-Triazolidines 516

19 L,2,4-Triazolidine-3,5-Diones 526

19.1 Alkyl-or Aryl-I,2,4-Triazolidine-3,5-diones 526

19.2 Other l,2,4-Triazolidine-3,5-diones 532

20 L,2,4-Triazolidin-3-One-5-Thiones And 1,2,4- Triazolidine-3,5-Dithiones 559

20.1 l,2,4-Triazolidin-3-one-5-thiones 559

20.2 l,2,4-Triazo!idine-3.5-dithiones 561

21 Bi-, Di-, Bis-, Tris- And Poly(1,2,4-Triazoles, Triazolines, And Triazolidines) Linked Either Directly Or With Chain Containing Carbon 567

21.1 Bi, Di, Bis-, and Tris( 1,2,4-Triazoles) 567

21.2 Bi-, and BisfTriazolines and Triazolidines) 572

21.3 Poly(l,2,4-Triazoles. Triazolines, and Triazolidines) 575

22 1,2,4-Triazolium, Triazolinium, Triazolidinium, And Mesoionic Compounds 599

22.1 Alkyl-or Aryl-1,2,4-Triazolium Compounds 599

22.2 Amino-1,2,4-Triazolium Compounds 603

22.3 Azido-, Azo-, or Diazoamino(Triazeno)-l,2,4-Triazolium or Triazolinium Compounds Containing One or More Representative Functions 609

22.4 Hydroxy-1,2,4-Triazolium and Dioxo- 1,2,4-Triazolidinium Compounds 613

22.5 Mercapto-or Alkylthio-1,2,4-Triazolium Compounds 617

22.6 4-Amino-5-Mercapto- or 5-( Alkylthio}- 1,2,4-Triazolium Compounds 623

22.7 Miscellaneous 1,2,4-Triazolium, Triazolinium, and Triazolidinium Compounds Containing One or More Representative Functions 624

23 Metal-Triazole Complexes 659

Chemical Abstract and Journal References 669

Author Index 741

Subject Index