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Tropical Agroforestry

Peter Huxley

ISBN: 978-0-632-04047-6 March 1999 Wiley-Blackwell 384 Pages


Agroforestry is the cultivation, by farmers, of trees or other woody plants with crops or pasture. Its scientific study is attracting great interest and increasing funding because of its potential to produce sustainable agricultural systems and agroforestry is now included in most university and college courses covering land use subjects. Tropical Agroforestry is the first book that provides an analytical account of the principles, as well as the practices, of agroforestry within the context of the needs of land occupiers and, in so doing, describes the various specialist aspects that are now emerging as part of this discipline. The main objective throughout the book is to present, in a readable way, the underlying functional basis of woody/non-woody plant mixtures and to give a balanced account of how agroforestry can contribute to sustainable production from land. Understanding the biology of multipurpose trees is a key to this.


Section I.

1 Introduction.

2 The Nature of Agroforestry.

3 A Need for Agroforestry?

4 Agroforestry and the Farmer: Why Use Woody Plants?

5 Animal Agroforestry.

6 Agroforestry and Soil and Water Conservation.

Section II.

7 The Pros and Cons of 'Woodiness'.

8 Learning from Growing Crops.

9 Agroforestry and the Use of Environmental Resources: the 'Promise' of Agroforestry.

10 Plant Spacing and Arrangement: an Essential Management Tool.

11 Resource Allocation in Plants.

Section III.

12 The Tree-Crop Interface: a Key to Biological Success or Failure in Agroforestry.

13 Competition and Complementarity.

14 Measuring the Efficiency of Agroforestry Systems.

Section IV.

15 Trees in Support of Agriculture: More About Trees.

16 Classifying Multipurpose Trees: What Are Functional Types?

17 Phenology: Understanding Plant Behaviour.

18 The Form and Nature of Root Systems.

19 Pruning and Tree Management: Some Practical Aspects.

20 Helpful Associations: Soil Biota, Nitrogen Fixing Organisms and Mycorrhizas.

21 Propagation, Planting Out and Tree Protection.

Section V.

22 'Patchiness': Living in the Real World.

23 Trees and their Environment.

24 Agroforestry and Site Modification: Nutrient Recycling and Soil Organic Matter.

25 Agroforestry and Sustainability.

Section VI.

26 Introducing the Philosophy and Practice of Agroforestry Research.

27 Agroforestry Field Experimentation: a First Approach.

Appendix 1 Some Characteristics of Trees (and Other Woody Perennials) for Consideration in Agroforestry.

Appendix 2 Some Equipment Used in Agroforestry Research.



"This book provides comprehensive analytical accounts of the principles as well as the political implications of agroforestry." (Abstracts of Public Administration, Development and Environment, 99/00, p.42)
* addresses the underlying functional and biological nature of agroforestry and presents a balanced account of the potential of agroforestry practices * the author is a well-known contributor to agroforestry literature and was previously Director of Research Development at the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry * presents information in such a way that it will be of use to students and researchers from a wide range of backgrounds * the book has a large potential market amongst libraries and undergraduates and postgraduates in tropical and temperate colleges and universities that offer courses in land use subjects * extensively referenced throughout