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Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook, 3rd Edition



Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook, 3rd Edition

R. Winston Revie (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-11003-4 May 2011 1296 Pages

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This book serves as a reference for engineers, scientists, and students concerned with the use of materials in applications where reliability and resistance to corrosion are important. It updates the coverage of its predecessor, including coverage of: corrosion rates of steel in major river systems and atmospheric corrosion rates, the corrosion behavior of materials such as weathering steels and newer stainless alloys, and the corrosion behavior and engineering approaches to corrosion control for nonmetallic materials.

New chapters include: high-temperature oxidation of metals and alloys, nanomaterials, and dental materials, anodic protection. Also featured are chapters dealing with standards for corrosion testing, microbiological corrosion, and electrochemical noise.

Foreword xvii

Foreword to the Second Edition xix

Preface xxi

Contributors xxiii

Introductory Notes on Climate Change, Life-Cycle Design, and Corrosion of Steel xxvii
T. Murata


1 Corrosion Failure Analysis with Case Histories 3
L. E. Eiselstein and R. Huet

2 Cost of Metallic Corrosion 15
J. Kruger

3 Economics of Corrosion 21
E. D. Verink, Jr.

4 Lifetime Prediction of Materials in Environments 31
R. W. Staehle

5 Estimating the Risk of Pipeline Failure Due to Corrosion 75
M. Nessim

6 Designing to Prevent Corrosion 83
E. D. Verink, Jr.

7 Simplified Procedure for Constructing Pourbaix Diagrams 93
E. D. Verink, Jr.

8 Pourbaix Diagrams for Multielement Systems 103
W. T. Thompson, M. H. Kaye, C. W. Bale, and A. D. Pelton

9 Computation of Pourbaix Diagrams at Elevated Temperature 111
M. H. Kaye and W. T. Thompson

10 Galvanic Corrosion 123
X. G. Zhang

11 Dealloying 145
R. Heidersbach

12 Passivity 151
J. Kruger

13 Localized Corrosion of Passive Metals 157
H. Bohni

14 Stress Corrosion Cracking 171
R. N. Parkins

15 Hydrogen-Induced Cracking and Sulfide Stress Cracking 183
M. Elboujdaini

16 Corrosion Fatigue 195
Y.-Z. Wang

17 Flow Effects on Corrosion 203
K. D. Efird

18 Erosion–Corrosion in Single- and Multiphase Flow 215
J. Postlethwaite and S. Nesic

19 Carbon Dioxide Corrosion of Mild Steel 229
S. Nesic

20 High-Temperature Oxidation 247
C. A. C. Sequeira

21 Thermochemical Evaluation of Corrosion Product Stabilities for Alloys in Gases at High Temperature 281
W. T. Thompson, R. C. John, and A. L. Young

22 A Procedure to Compute Equilibrium Gas-Phase Speciation for Use with Predominance Diagrams 287
M. H. Piro, B. J. Lewis, and W. T. Thompson

23 Atmospheric Corrosion 299
P. R. Roberge

24 Atmospheric Corrosion in Cold Regions 327
G. A. King

25 Corrosion by Soils 333
T. R. Jack and M. J. Wilmott

26 Microbial Degradation of Materials: General Processes 351
J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell

27 Corrosion Probability and Statistical Evaluation of Corrosion Data 365
T. Shibata


28 Corrosion of Refractories and Ceramics 387
M. Rigaud

29 Corrosion of Glass 399
B. Grambow

30 Microbiological Degradation of Polymeric Materials 421
J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, D. B. Mitton, and R. Mitchell

31 Durability of Concrete 439
V. M. Malhotra

32 Microbiological Corrosion of Concrete 451
J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell

33 Microbial Degradation of Wood 461
P. I. Morris

34 Use of Chemicals to Prevent Degradation of Wood 469
J. N. R. Ruddick


35 Metal–Matrix Composites 481
L. H. Hihara

36 Environmental Degradation of Engineered Barrier Materials in Nuclear Waste Repositories 503
R. B. Rebak

37 Corrosion Behavior of Electrodeposited Nanocrystals 517
U. Erb

38 Corrosion of Shape Memory and Superelastic Alloys 529
L. E. Eiselstein

39 Microbiological Corrosion of Metallic Materials 549
J.-D. Gu, T. E. Ford, and R. Mitchell

40 Electronic Materials, Components, and Devices 559
R. P. Frankenthal and L. F. Garfias-Mesias

41 Corrosion of Electronics: Lead-Free Initiatives 565
M. Reid and L. F. Garfias-Mesias

42 Metastable Alloys 571
K. Hashimoto

43 Carbon Steel—Atmospheric Corrosion 579
I. Matsushima

44 Carbon Steel—Corrosion in Freshwaters 589
I. Matsushima

45 Carbon Steel—Corrosion by Seawater 601
I. Matsushima

46 Carbon Steel—Corrosion by Soils 609
I. Matsushima

47 Localized Corrosion of Iron and Steel 615
I. Matsushima

48 Weathering Steel 621
T. Murata

49 Corrosion of Steel in Concrete 633
J. P. Broomfield

50 Ethanol Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steels 649
J. Beavers, F. Gui, and N. Sridhar

51 Austenitic and Ferritic Stainless Steels 657
M. A. Streicher, Revised by J. F. Grubb

52 Duplex Stainless Steels 695
M.-L. Falkland, M. Glaes, and M. Liljas

53 Martensitic Stainless Steels 707
J. F. Grubb

54 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys 715
E. Ghali

55 Cobalt Alloys 747
P. Crook and W. L. Silence

56 Copper and Copper Alloys 757
C. A. C. Sequeira

57 Lead and Lead Alloys 787
F. E. Goodwin

58 Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys 809
E. Ghali

59 Nickel and Nickel Alloys 837
D. C. Agarwal and N. Sridhar

60 Tin and Tinplate 853
T. P. Murphy

61 Titanium and Titanium Alloys 861
J. Been and J. S. Grauman

62 Zinc 879
X. G. Zhang

63 Zirconium Alloy Corrosion 893
B. Cox


64 Controlling Flow Effects on Corrosion 903
K. D. Efird

65 Erosion–Corrosion: Recognition and Control 907
J. Postlethwaite and S. Nesic

66 Using Plastics, Elastomers, and Composites for Corrosion Control 915
P. R. Khaladkar

67 Corrosion Control of Steel by Organic Coatings 971
C. H. Hare

68 Selection and Use of Coatings for Underground or Submersion Service 985
R. Norsworthy

69 Engineering of Cathodic Protection Systems 1001
J. H. Fitzgerald III

70 Stray-Current Analysis 1013
J. H. Fitzgerald III

71 Corrosion Inhibitors 1021
S. Papavinasam

72 Computer Technology for Corrosion Assessment and Control 1033
S. Srinivasan


73 Principles of Accelerated Corrosion Testing 1047
D. L. Jordan

74 High-Temperature Oxidation—Testing and Evaluation 1053
C. A. C. Sequeira

75 Testing for Flow Effects on Corrosion 1059
K. D. Efird

76 Accelerated Testing of Electronics to Simulate Long-Term Worldwide Environments 1063
L. F. Garfias-Mesias and M. Reid

77 Testing for Environmentally Assisted Cracking 1071
R. D. Kane

78 Test Methods for Wet H2S Cracking 1087
M. Elboujdaini

79 Atmospheric Corrosion Testing 1095
D. L. Jordan

80 Galvanic Corrosion Testing 1101
X. G. Zhang

81 Testing of Aluminum, Magnesium, and Their Alloys 1103
E. Ghali

82 Testing of Polymeric Materials for Corrosion Control 1107
B. Thomson and R. P. Campion

83 Corrosion Testing of Refractories and Ceramics 1117
M. Rigaud

84 Evaluation and Selection of Corrosion Inhibitors 1121
S. Papavinasam

85 Practical Corrosion Prediction Using Electrochemical Techniques 1129
D. C. Silverman

86 Electrochemical Noise 1167
D. A. Eden, Revised and updated by Q. J. Meng, M. Mendez, and M. Yunovich


87 Corrosion Monitoring 1181
P. R. Roberge

88 Diagnosing, Measuring, and Monitoring Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion 1203
B. J. Little, R. I. Ray, and J. S. Lee

Glossary of Selected Terms Used in Corrosion Science and Engineering 1217

Index 1223