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Understanding Drugs and Behaviour



Understanding Drugs and Behaviour

Andrew Parrott, Alun Morinan, Mark Moss, Andrew Scholey

ISBN: 978-0-471-98640-9 July 2004 336 Pages

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Why are some drugs highly addictive? What exactly are the effects of different types of psychoactive drugs? How can they produce such dramatic effects on mood, cognition, sensation, awareness, health and well-being?

Understanding Drugs and Behaviour describes in detail how the main psychoactive drugs can alter brain chemistry and modify behaviour. Basic drug effects tolerance and addiction, are discussed, together with diverse medical, social, and psychological reasons for drug taking.Written by experienced lecturers with a high level of research expertise, all the main drugs used in today's society are included, such as alcohol, nicotine, cannabis, LSD and Ecstacy, opiates, CNS stimulants, as well as clinical medications.  

Teaching and learning features include:

  • Chapter overviews     
  • In-depth core material   
  • End of chapter questions   
  • Key references
  • Extensive glossary     
  • Journals and websites of interest

This introductory text will be of use to students of psychology, behavioural sciences, health sciences, nursing, physiology and pharmacology.

About the authors ix

Preface xi

Part I Drugs and Their Actions 1

1 Psychoactive drugs: introduction and overview 3

2 The brain, neurons and neurotransmission 9

3 Principles of drug action 25

Part II Non-medical Use of Psychoactive Drugs 39

4 CNS stimulants: amphetamine, cocaine and caffeine 41

5 Nicotine and cigarette smoking 55

6 LSD and Ecstasy/MDMA 71

7 Cannabis 85

8 Heroin and opiates 103

9 CNS depressants: alcohol, barbiturates and benzodiazepines 119

10 Alcoholism and drug dependence 133

Part III Clinical and Medicinal Use of Drugs 151

11 Antipsychotics for schizophrenia 153

12 Antidepressants and mood stabilisers 171

13 Nootropics for Alzheimer’s disease 187

14 Cognitive enhancers 203

Part IV Final Overview 219

15 Current knowledge and future possibilities 221

Glossary 235

Key psychopharmacology and addiction journals 251

Internet sources of information about psychoactive drugs 253

References 257

Index 291

"...useful resource for a wider range of health and social care staff...takes a constructively critical approach to mainstream assumptions..." (Care and Health, 17th August, 2004)

“…really helps the reader to understand both conditions and treatments…a very informative and useful resource...” (Accident & Emergency Nursing, No.13, 2005)

“The coverage of the behavioural effects of a number of recreational substances is clear and informative, with particularly fine chapters on nicotine and cannabis” (Psychological Medicine, Vol.35 2005)

  Provides up-to-date coverage of:
  • Drugs and their actions.
  • Non-medical use of psychoactive drugs.
  • Clinical and medicinal use of drugs
  • All the most commonly encountered drug types such as legal social drugs, (alcohol, nicotine, caffeine), illicit drugs of abuse (heroin, LSD, Cannabis), main classes of psychoactive medicine (antidepressant).