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Understanding Masticatory Function in Unilateral Crossbites

Understanding Masticatory Function in Unilateral Crossbites

Maria Grazia Piancino, Stephanos Kyrkanides

ISBN: 978-1-118-97189-5

Feb 2016, Wiley-Blackwell

248 pages

$119.99

Description

Unilateral posterior crossbite is a problem often seen in orthodontic practice, and properly understanding chewing patterns will lead to the most effective treatment program. Drawing on their research and available literature, Drs. Piancino and Kyrkanides present a fascinating look at chewing cycles and their role in the functional treatment of unilateral posterior crossbite.
  • Describes the physiology and pathology of chewing patterns and muscular activation in humans
  • Explains chewing patterns and muscular coordination, and their influence on the growth and harmony of the stomatognathic system
  • Clinical instruction for checking and correcting masticatory function and functional asymmetry in order to prevent the relapse of the malocclusion
  • Clinical cases walk readers through the treatment of seven crossbites

Foreword vii

Preface viii

How to Use This Book x

Acknowledgments xi

Chapter 1 Introductory Explanation of Masticatory Function 1

1.1 Introduction 2

1.2 The study of masticatory function 6

1.3 The evolution of electrognathography and electromyography 10

1.4 From the 1980s to today 23

1.5 Ready to start 24

References 26

Chapter 2 Physiology of Mastication: The Chewing Pattern and Masticatory Function 28

2.1 Introduction 29

2.2 Features of masticatory function 29

2.3 Terminology 34

2.4 The chewing pattern 37

2.5 The chewing pattern as an indicator of masticatory function 43

References 58

Chapter 3 Physiology of Mastication: Neuromuscular Control of Masticatory Function 61

3.1 Importance of the motor activity 62

3.2 The nervous system 65

3.3 Receptors in the stomatognathic system 69

3.4 Reflex movements 76

3.5 Automatic movements 77

3.6 Motor control: feedback and feed-forward 81

3.7 Neuromuscular control 83

3.8 Coordination of masticatory muscles during mastication 87

3.9 Neuromuscular adjustment to load 91

References 94

Chapter 4 Alterations to Masticatory Function in Unilateral Crossbites 98

4.1 Introduction 99

4.2 Crossbite=neuromuscular syndrome 100

4.3 Unilateral posterior crossbite 107

4.4 Alteration to masticatory function in unilateral posterior crossbite 112

4.5 Anterior crossbite=neuromuscular syndrome 136

References 141

Chapter 5 Therapy with Function Generating Bite Appliance: Actions and Effects on Malocclusion and Masticatory Function 144

5.1 Orthognathodontic therapy aimed to restore physiological neuromuscular equilibrium to the stomatognathic system 145

5.2 Dental–alveolar–basal actions and effects of function generating bite appliances 149

5.3 Therapy timing and duration and caries-free management 181

5.4 Compliance 182

References 182

Chapter 6 Cases 185

6.1 Introduction 186

6.2 Case 1: Right unilateral posterior crossbite (3 years, 9 months) 186

6.3 Case 2: Right unilateral posterior crossbite (6 years, 4 months) 189

6.4 Case 3: Positional crossbite (7 years, 6 months) 193

6.5 Case 4: Left unilateral posterior crossbite (7 years, 11 months) 200

6.6 Case 5: Right unilateral posterior crossbite (10 years, 3 months) 205

6.7 Case 6: Anterior open bite and left unilateral posterior crossbite (7 years, 9 months) 209

6.8 Case 7: Anterior open bite and bilateral posterior crossbite (7 years, 8 months) 215

References 215

Appendix 225

Index 227

"I would highly recommend this book to postgraduate students, specialists in orthodontics, pedodontics, and stomatognathic physiology, and general dentists. It can be a great reference for anyone treating a young patient whose teeth may be developing in a questionable position." (AJO-DO May 2017)