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Urban Design for an Urban Century: Shaping More Livable, Equitable, and Resilient Cities, 2nd Edition

Urban Design for an Urban Century: Shaping More Livable, Equitable, and Resilient Cities, 2nd Edition

Lance Jay Brown, David Dixon

ISBN: 978-1-118-84683-4

May 2014

336 pages



This book offers a comprehensive introduction to urban design, from a historical overview and basic principles to practical design concepts and strategies. It discusses the demographic, environmental, economic, and social issues that influence the decision-making and implementation processes of urban design. The Second Edition has been fully revised to include thorough coverage of sustainability issues and to integrate new case studies into the core concepts discussed.

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Acknowledgments vii

Introduction ix

Urban Design: A Social and Civic Art ix

Chapter 1 Roots of Western Urban Form: Centralization 1

First Cities 1

Rebirth of European Cities: “Organic” Cities of the Late Middle Ages 3

Reintroduction of Classical Learning: “Geometric” Cities of the Renaissance 5

The Emergence of Merchant Cities: Integrating Renaissance Ideas and the Marketplace 9

The Grid Reaches the New World 10

The Industrial Revolution 15

Chapter 2 Decentralization: The Rise and Decline of Industrial Cities 31

Proto-Urban Design: Rejecting a Classical Past to Shape an Industrial Future 31

Chapter 3 Recentralization: The Forces Shaping Twenty-First-Century Urbanism 69

New York Stock Exchange Financial District Streetscapes and Security (New York, New York) 71

District of Columbia Streetcar Land Use Study (Washington, D.C.) 75

Chicago Decarbonization Plan (Chicago) 79

Fayetteville 2030: Transit City Scenario (Fayetteville, Arkansas) 81

South Coast Rail Economic and Land Use Plan (Massachusetts) 88

Citygarden (St. Louis, Missouri) 90

UrbanRiver Visions (Massachusetts) 93

Campus Martius Park (Detroit, Michigan) 95

The Future of Pittsburgh Hillsides (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) 98

Emscher Landscape Park (Ruhr Valley, Germany) 108

SW Ecodistrict (Washington, D.C.) 111

Lloyd Crossing Sustainable Urban Design Plan (Portland, Oregon) 113

East Baltimore Comprehensive Physical Redevelopment Plan (Baltimore, Maryland) 120

Torre David Informal Settlement (Caracas, Venezuela) 124

Chapter 4 Recentralization: Twenty-First-Century Urbanism Takes Shape 131

Eastward Ho! (Southeast Florida) 134

Charlottesville Commercial Corridor Study (Charlottesville, Virginia) 136

Crystal City Vision Plan 2050 (Arlington, Virginia) 142

Sandy Springs City Center Master Plan (Sandy Springs, Georgia) 145

Portland Streetcar (Portland, Oregon) 159

Belmar (Lakewood, Colorado) 169

Bryant Park (New York, New York) 176

Parc André Citröen (Paris, France) 178

Barclays Center (Brooklyn, New York) 181

Discovery Green (Houston, Texas) 185

Cheonggyecheon Stream Daylighting (Seoul, South Korea) 197

LA Live (Los Angeles, California) 200

Marina Barrage (Singapore) 202

Masdar City (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates) 204

HafenCity (Hamburg, Germany) 208

Fairmount Line Smart-Growth Corridor (Boston, Massachusetts) 214

Ellen Wilson Neighborhood Redevelopment (Washington, D.C.) 216

North Wharf Promenade/Jellicoe Street/Silo Park (Auckland, New Zealand) 219

Millennium Park (Chicago, Illinois) 223

The High Line (New York, New York) 225

Parco San Giuliano (Venice, Italy) 227

Swiss Government Plaza (Bern, Switzerland) 230

Tanner Springs Park (Portland, Oregon) 232

Railroad Park (Birmingham, Alabama) 234

Superkilen Park, Nørrebro (Copenhagen, Denmark) 237

Santa Monica Boulevard Master Plan (West Hollywood, California) 240

Broadway Boulevard (New York, New York) 243

POPOS: Privately Owned Public Open Spaces (San Francisco, California) 248

Chapter 5 Theories of Urbanism 255

Seaside Town Square and Beachfront Master Plan (Seaside, Florida) 259

Madrid Río (Madrid, Spain) 262

Chapter 6 Urban Design for an Urban Century: Principles, Strategies, and Process 271

Bridge Street Corridor Plan (Dublin, Ohio) 273

National 9/11 Memorial (New York, New York) 289

Afterword 299

Index 301