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Volcanological and Environmental Studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica

Volcanological and Environmental Studies of Mount Erebus, Antarctica

Philip R. Kyle (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66817-7

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

162 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Antarctic Research Series, Volume 66.

In January 1841 Captain James Clark Ross sailed in his two small ships Erebus and Terror into the then unknown southern Ross Sea and discovered and named Mount Erebus. In his journal Ross noted: proved to be a mountain twelve thousand four hundred feet of elevation above the level of the sea, emitting flame and smoke in great profusion; at first the smoke appeared like snow drift, but as we drew nearer, its true character became manifest. On January 28, 1841, Ross reported: At 4 P.M. Mount Erebus was observed to emit smoke and flame in unusual quantities, producing a most grand spectacle. A volume of dense smoke was projected at each successive jet with great force, in a vertical column, to the height of between fifteen hundred and two thousand feet above the mouth of the crater, when condensing first at its upper part, it descended in mist or snow, and gradually dispersed, to be succeeded by another splendid exhibition of the same kind in about half an hour afterwards, although the intervals between eruptions were by no means regular. The diameter of the columns of smoke was between two and three hundred feet, as near as we could measure it; whenever the smoke cleared away, the bright red flame that filled the mouth of the crater was clearly perceptible; and some of the officers believed they could see streams of lava pouring down its sides until lost beneath the snow...

The Antarctic Research Series: Statement of Objectives
Board of Associate Editors ix

Haroun Tazieff xi

Philip R. Kyle xiii

The Velocity Structure of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, and Its Lava Lake
R. R. Dibble, B. O'Brien, and C. A. Rowe 1

Velocity Modeling in the Erupting Magma Column of Mount Erebus, Antarctica
R. R. Dibble 17

The Seismic Activity of Mount Erebus in 1981-1990
Katsutada Kaminuma 35

Monitoring Mount Erebus by Satellite Remote Sensing
D. A. Rothery and C. Oppenheimer 51

Volcanic Deformation Monitoring on Mount Erebus: Methods and Results of Geodetic Surveys,
P.M. Otway, G. H. Blick, and B. J. Scott 57

Sulfur Dioxide Emission Rates From Mount Erebus, Antarctica
Philip R. Kyle, Lauri M. Sybeldon, William C. Mcintosh, K. Meeker, and Robert Symonds 69

Compositions and Mass Fluxes of the Mount Erebus Volcanic Plume
D. S. Sheppard, F. Le Guern, and B. W. Christenson 83

Dispersal of Volcano-Derived Particles From Mount Erebus in the Antarctic Atmosphere
R. L. Chuan 97

Elemental Tracers o f Volcanic Emissions From Mount Erebus in Antarctic Snow Samples
Julie M. Palais, Byard W. Mosher, and Douglas Lowenthal 103

Glaciochemical Studies of Aerosol Fallout From Mount Erebus
J. M. Palais, M. J. Spencer, and R. L. Chuan 115

Crystallization Processes of Anorthoclase Phenocrysts in the Mount Erebus Magmatic System:
Evidence From Crystal Composition, Crystal Size Distributions, and Volatile Contents
of Melt Inclusions
Nelia W. Dunbar, Katharine V. Cashman, and Roslyn Dupre 129

Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Ejecta Erupted From Mount Erebus, Antarctica,
Between 1972 and 1986
D. A. Caldwell and P. R. Kyle 147