Series Editor’s Preface vii
Notes on Contributors ix
1 Introduction: Searching for Peace in the Ancient World 1
Kurt A. Raaflaub
2 Making War and Making Peace in Early China 34
Robin D. S. Yates
3 Ancient India: Peace Within and War Without 53
4 Water under the Straw: Peace in Mesopotamia 66
Benjamin R. Foster
5 Making, Preserving, and Breaking the Peace with the Hittite State 81
Richard H. Beal
6 Conflict and Reconciliation in the Ancient Middle East: The Clash of Egyptian and Hittite Chariots in Syria, and the World’s First Peace Treaty between “Superpowers” 98
7 From Achaemenid Imperial Order to Sasanian Diplomacy: War, Peace, and Reconciliation in Pre-Islamic Iran 121
8 War and Reconciliation in the Traditions of Ancient Israel: Historical, Literary, and Ideological Considerations 141
9 “They Shall Beat Their Swords into Plowshares”: A Vision of Peace Through Justice and Its Background in the Hebrew Bible 161
10 “Laughing for Joy”: War and Peace Among the Greeks 172
Lawrence A. Tritle
11 War and Reconciliation in Greek Literature 191
12 War, Peace, Fear and International Law in Ancient Greece 206
13 War and Peace, Fear and Reconciliation at Rome 226
14 The Price of Peace in Ancient Rome 245
Carlin A. Barton
15 The Gates of War (and Peace): Roman Literary Perspectives 256
Jeri Blair DeBrohun
16 Early Christian Views on Violence, War, and Peace 279
Louis J. Swift
17 Fight for God-But Do So with Kindness: Reflections on War, Peace, and Communal Identity in Early Islam 297
Fred M. Donner
18 Peace, Reconciliation, and Alliance in Aztec Mexico 312
19 War and Peace in the Inca Heartland 329
20 The Long Peace Among Iroquois Nations 348
Neta C. Crawford
Hans van Wees, University College London <!--end-->
"An outstanding collection of essays by an extraordinary group of scholars from around the world. The depth and variety of expertise represented here is formidable. Required reading for students of war and diplomacy in antiquity."
Barry Strauss, Cornell University, author of The Trojan War: A New History
“This volume is most valuable in that it broadens the…perspective of most American historians of the ancient world…always well-written, jargon-free and stimulating.”
New England Classical Journal
“The contributions provide a diverse array of perspectives on ancient warfare and peacemaking.”
Journal of Military History
“Raaflaub succeeds in a fascinating tour of the main issues and topics covered in the volume.”
Bryn Mawr Classical Review
"An excellently written and utterly stimulating book. It has been a delight and privilege to read it."
Geoff Harris, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban
"The great virtue of the volume is that … the reader is necessarily forced to confront the differences between the ancient and the modern." Polis
- The first book to focus on war and peace in the ancient world.
- Takes a global perspective, covering a large number of early civilizations, from China, India and West Asia, through the Mediterranean to the Americas.
- Features contributions from nineteen distinguished scholars, all of whom are experts in their fields.
- Offers remarkable insights into the different ways in which ancient societies dealt with a common human challenge.
- Requires no prior historical knowledge, making it suitable for non-specialists.