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Wave Technology in Mechanical Engineering: Industrial Applications of Wave and Oscillation Phenomena



Wave Technology in Mechanical Engineering: Industrial Applications of Wave and Oscillation Phenomena

R. F. Ganiev, S. R. Ganiev, V. P. Kasilov, A. P. Pustovgar

ISBN: 978-1-119-11786-5 June 2015 176 Pages


This groundbreaking volume covers the significant advantages of wave technologies in the development of innovative machine building where high technologies with appreciable economic effect are applied. These technologies cover many industries, including the oil-and-gas industry, refining and other chemical processing, petrochemical industry, production of new materials, composite and nano-composites including, construction equipment, environmental protection, pharmacology, power generation, and many others.

The technological problem of grinding, fine-scale grinding and activation of solid particles (dry blends) is disclosed. This task is common for the production of new materials across these various industries.  At present in this sphere the traditional methods have reached their limits and in some cases are economically ineffective from both scientific and practical points of view. The authors have detailed, through their extensive groundbreaking research, how these new methods, based on wave technology, can be used to create new, more efficient and less expensive applications and materials for industry.

From increasing oil recovery to building stronger machines more efficiently and creating more productive membrane separation devices, wave technology can be used as a fertile ground for product innovation and more efficient methods of production across a variety of industries.  This book is the only one of its kind in the world and offers a unique and invaluable glance into this sophisticated and complicated scientific area that is only now being more fully utilized  for its valuable benefits.

Preface xi

1 Introduction: Capabilities and Perspectives of Wave Technologies in Industries and in Nanotechnologies 1

2 Fragmentation and Activation of Dry Solid Components: Wave Turbulization of the Medium and Increasing Process Efficiency 11

2.1 Calcium Carbonate (limestone) Fragmentation 17

2.2 Wave Activation of Cements and Cement-limestone Compositions 21

2.3 Grinding Blast-furnace Sullage 25

2.4 Production of Coloring Pigment Based on Titanium Dioxide and Dolomitic Marble 27

2.5 Wave Treatment of Aluminium Oxide 29

3 Wave Stirring (actuation) of Multicomponent Materials (dry mixes) 35

3.1 Technologic Experiments with Installations of Wave Mixing 41

4 Wave Metering Devices and Dosage Metering of Loose Components 47

5 Creating Automated Wave Treatment Trains of Dry Solid Components: High Effi ciency in a Restricted Manufacturing Room 53

6 Manufacturing and Wave Treatment Technologies of Emulsions, Suspensions and Foam/Skim 59

6.1 Stirring (actuation) Wave Technologies of Various Liquids, Including High-viscosity Media 62

6.2 Hydrodynamic Running (through-flowing) Wave Installations 64

6.3 Wave Technology for Stirring (actuation) of High-viscosity Media 67

6.4 Production of Cosmetic Cream 72

6.6 Production of Finely-dispersed, Chemically Precipitated Barium Sulphate With the Assigned Particle Size 75

6.7 Accelerating Fermentation of Sponge Wheat Dough After Wave Treatment 81

7 Wave Mixing of Epoxy Resin with Nanocarbon Micro-additives: Production of Composite Materials 87

7.1 Experimental Studies of Mixing the Epoxy Resin with Fullerenes 88

7.2 Experimental Studies Mixing Epoxy Resin Technical Carbon 91

7.3 Experimental Studies of Mixing Epoxy Resin with Carbon Nanotubes 94

7.4 Production of Highly-fi lled Composite Materials with Wave Technologies 101

7.5 Using the Installation of Wave Mixing for the Preparation of Polymer-cement and Cement Composite Materials Reinforced by Polymer and Inorganic Fibers 104

7.6 Production of Organoclay 108

8 Wave Technologies for Food, Including Bread Baking and Confectionary Industries 111

9 Wave Technologies in Oil Production: Improving Oil, Gas and Condensate Yield 117

10 Wave Technologies in Ecology and Energetics 125

10.1 Production of Mixed Fuels and Improvement in Combustion Effi ciency 127

11 Stabilizing Wave Regimes, Damping Noise, Vibration and Hydraulic Shocks Pipeline Systems 131

12 Wave Technologies in Engineering 137

13 Wave Technologies in Oil Refi ning, Chemical and Petrochemical Industries 143

14 Conclusions: On Wave Engineering 147

Literature (the Russian-language original is at the end) 153

Index 155