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Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites, 5 Volume Set, 2nd Edition

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites, 5 Volume Set, 2nd Edition

Luigi Nicolais (Editor), Assunta Borzacchiello (Editor), Stuart M. Lee (Founding Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-470-12828-2

May 2012

3444 pages

Select type: Hardcover

In Stock



Written by prominent international experts from industry and academia, the Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites, Second Edition presents over 260 new and revised articles addressing the new technological advances in properties, processing, formulation, design, analysis, evaluation, manufacture, testing, and reliability of composites. The entire range of industrial applications of composites is covered. The Encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for researchers in both library and professional settings and provides information about composite materials and related processing technologies.

Contributors ix

Volume 1

Accelerated Testing Methodology for Life Prediction of Polymer Composites 1

Adhesion Aspects in Composites 11

Advanced Models for Finite Element Analysis of Composite Materials 22

Aging of Organic Matrix Composite Materials 35

All-Cellulose Composites 50

Amino Resins 64

Angle Ply Laminates 69

Automotive Composites 72

Bio-Based Chemistry for Polymeric Matrices 79

Biodegradable Composites 84

Biodegradable Starch-Based Nano-Composites 102

Bonded Composite Patch Repair of Metallic Aircraft Structures 114

Bonded Repair of Composite Aircraft Structures 121

Bonding and Restorative Composite Materials in Dentistry 128

Braiding 138

Carbon/Carbon Composites 153

Carbon Fiber: Properties, Testing, and Analysis 165

Carbon Fiber: Surface Properties 182

Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composites 193

Composites Based on Nanocomposite Matrices 213

Carbon/Polymeric Composites Autoclave Cure Monitoring with Optical Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) Sensors 230

Ceramic Laminates 241

Ceramic Matrix Composites: Carbon Fiber Reinforced 251

Ceramic Matrix Composites: CVI (Chemical Vapor Infiltration) 259

Ceramic Matrix Composites: Reaction Bonded 271

Ceramic Matrix Composites: SiC Whisker-Reinforced 274

Characterization 280

Chemical Analysis and Characterization of Polymer Composite Materials 298

Colorants for Composites 356

Composite Electroceramics 361

Composite Fiber Reinforcement Forming 377

Composites for Structural Strengthening 393

Composites for Hard Tissue Repair 418

Composite Materials in Launch Vehicles 431

Composite Impact 439

Composite Joining 448

Composite Materials: Lamination Theory 454

Composite Materials: Ablative 459

Composite Materials for Aeronautic Application 472

Composite Materials for Plasma-Facing Applications in Nuclear Fusion 485

Composite Micromechanics 493

Composite Processes in Aeronautics 504

Composite Rocket Propellants 527

Composite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Regeneration 544

Composite Smart Panels for Active Control of Sound Radiation 558

Compression Properties of Fibers and Polymer Composites 580

Compressive Response of Composite Stiffened Panels with Open Holes 585

Conductive Composites 595

Continuum Damage Mechanics 605

Coupling Agents:  Basics and Classifications 611

Creep 619

Creep Rupture 631

Curing Agent 643

Cutting and Machining of Polymer Composites 648

Cyanate Ester Resins 658

Volume 2

Damage Coupled Viscoplastic Modeling of Particulate Composites with Imperfect Interphase 673

Damage Mechanisms in Cross-Ply Fiber-Reinforced Composite Laminates 688

Damage Tolerance Analysis for Advanced Composites 703

Damping Characterization of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials 711

Design with Composites 725

Design with Composites: Material Uncertainty in Designing Composites Component 737

Diacetylene Composites and Fiber 749

Discontinuous Fiber Thermoplastic Composites: Void Formation during Melt Processing 756

Electrical and Electronic Composites 767

Electro- and Electroless Deposited Composite Coatings: Preparation, Characteristics, and Applications 775

Environmental Resistance: Stability of Structural Composites under Aggressive Conditions 791

Environmental Resistance of High Performance Polymeric Matrices and Composites 804

Epoxy Resins 829

Epoxy Resins: Fluorine Systems 842

Externally Bonded Masonry Structures 848

Externally Bonded Reinforced Concrete Structures 859

Fatigue and Fractures of Rubbers 877

Fatigue of Composites—Life Prediction Methods 883

Fatigue Strength Distribution of Carbon Fiber 924

Fiber Bragg Grating Applied to In Situ Characterization of Composites 930

Fiber Placements 945

Fiber Reinforcement 950

Fiber Reinforcement: Continuous Fibers 966

Fiber Surface Treatment: Relevance to Interfacial Characteristics 980

Fibrous Preforms and Preforming 999

Filament Winding: Design, Materials, Structures and Manufacturing Processes 1011

Fillers 1027

Fillers, Microspheres, and Microcapsules 1044

Flammability of Polymer Composites 1053

Flexible Composites 1069

Foamed Cores 1081

Fractography of Composite Materials 1099

Fracture: Interlaminar 1115

Fracture Mechanics 1126

Fracture: Toughness 1141

FRP Prestressed Concrete Structures 1153

FRP-Reinforced Concrete Structures 1160

FRP Structured Profiles and Shapes 1174

Furan Composites 1191

Glass Matrix Composite 1197

Graphene Composite 1218

Graphene-Polymer Composite 1232

Helicopter Composite Materials Applications: Airframe 1237

Helicopter Composite Materials Applications: Rotors 1244

High Performance Corrosion-Resistant Materials 1248

History of Composites in Aeronautics 1280

Hybrid Electrically Conducting Nano-Composites Comprising Carbon Nanotubes/Intrinscally Conducting Polymer Systems 1319

Hybrid Mats 1334

Honeycomb 1338

Volume 3

Impact Damage 1353

In Situ Composites 1367

Interfacial Analysis in Fiber Composite Materials 1377

Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, High Performance 1383

Interphase in Fiber-Reinforced Composites 1396

Investigation into Sustainable Composites: Glass Reinforced Plastic Waste Filled Concrete 1402

Joining: Thermoplastic Composites Fusion Bonding/Welding 1413

Joining: Mechanical Fastening of Polymers, Composites and Polymer-Metal Hybrid Structures 1418

Laminates: Developments in the Multiscale Analysis of Multifunctional Nanocomposite Materials 1431

Laminated Glass 1438

Laminates Progressive Failure Analysis: Recent Approaches Based on Finite Element Analysis Techniques 1445

Laminates: Static Strength 1451

Lightning Protection 1464

Liquid Crystalline Composite 1468

Machining of Composites 1497

Manufacture of Polymer Composites 1506

Manufacturing Automation, Polymer Composites 1526

Manufacturing: Economic Consideration 1535

Manufacturing of Thermoplastic Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites 1548

Marine Composites 1548

Material Selection: Polymeric Composites Matrix 1572

Matrix-Controlled Failure Modes of Polymeric Composites 1610

Mechanical Aging 1620

Mechanical Behavior of Composites for Construction 1625

Mechanical Properties of Molecular Composites 1649

Metal Matrix Composites: Aluminum 1659

Metal Matrix Composites: Casting Processes 1676

Metal Matrix Composites: Continuous Silicon-Carbide Fibers/Titanium-Alloy Matrix 1695

Metal Matrix Composites: Corrosion 1707

Metal Matrix Composites: Design Methodology 1719

Metal Matrix Composites: Discontinuously Reinforced, Microstructure and Mechanical Property Correlations 1731

Metal Matrix Composites: Infiltration 1747

Metal Matrix Composites: Magnesium 1756

Micromechanical Modeling of Heterogeneous Materials at Finite Strain 1778

Micromechanisms of Delamination in Composite Materials Induced by Drilling 1791

Microscopy: High Resolution Electron (HREM) 1806

Multifunctional Low Loss Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Microwave Applications 1814

Modified Natural-Fiber-Based Composites 1827

Mold Fabrications 1828

Molding Compression 1853

Molding: Polymer Injection 1870

Molding: Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) 1884

Molding: Short-Fiber Composites, Flow Processing 1894

Nanofillers 1907

Nanofillers: Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles in Viscous Polymer 1913

Nanostructured Polymer Composites by Sol-Gel Method 1922

Natural Composite: Fiber Modification 1941

Natural Fibers 1953

Needlepunched Composite Structures 1963

Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Composites: Ultrasonic Measurements and Image Analysis Application on Testing in Extreme Conditions 1969

Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Composite Aerospace Structures 1975

Novel Biomimetic Design for Composite Material 2016

Volume 4

Optical Properties of Polymer Composites 2025

Ordered Polymer Fibers 2039

Osmotic Effects 2048

Out-of-Autoclave Prepreg Processing 2052

Phenolic Resins and Composites 2059

Phthalocyanine Matrix Resins and Composites 2068

Phthalonitrile Matrix Resins and Composites 2073

Polyarylene Sulfide Matrix Resins and Composites 2087

Poly(Aryl Ether Ketone) Matrix Resins and Composites 2092

Polybenzimidazole Matrix Resins and Composites 2111

Polybutadiene Rubbers and Resins 2114

Polycarbonate Composites 2119

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Composites: An Update on Processing-Morphology-Property Relationships 2127

Polyetherimide Matrix Resins and Composites 2142

Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites 2150

Polymer Matrix Composites: Moisture Effects and Dimensional Stability 2179

Polymer-Polymer Composites 2186

Polymer/Wood Composites 2194

Polymeric Composites: Heat Transfer 2212

Polymeric Extrusion 2225

Polyimides: Condensation 2244

Polyimide Fibers, Aromatic 2256

Partially Fluorinated Polyimide Resins and Composites 2271

Poly(Phenylene Ether) Matrix Resins 2284

Polypivalolactone-Carbon Fiber Composites 2291

Polyquinoxaline Matrix Resins and Composites 2294

Polystyrylpyridine Resins and Composites 2311

Polysulfone Thermoplastic Composites 2319

Polyurethane Precursors 2327

Polyvinyl Chloride Composites 2344

Powder Injection Molding 2354

Particulate Composites by Powder Injection Molding 2367

Polymer-Embedded Metal and Metal Sulfide Clusters 2377

Prepreg Manufacturing 2381

Printed Circuit Board Laminates 2391

Problems and Fundamental Models for Inverse Methods in Composite Materials 2402

Processing and Mechanical Properties of the Workpiece in Machining of Long-Fiber-Reinforced Composites 2414

Processing and Performance of Braided Composites 2427

Processing: Autoclave 2437

Processing: Autoclave Modeling 2443

Processing: Electric Fields for Fiber Orientation; Electrospinning 2455

Processing of Biofiber-Reinforced Composites 2465

Processing Polymer Matrix Composites 2480

Processing of Materials Using Electromagnetic Fields 2487

Protective Coatings for Space Applications 2500

Project Management Considerations: Design Architectures for Civil and Military Aircraft 2511

Pulforming 2542

Pultrusion 2545

Quality Assurance and Quality Control 2561

Radiation-Assisted Synthesis of Composites, Materials, Compounds, and Nanostructures 2569

Recycling of Carbon Fiber Composites 2594

Recycling Thermoset Composite Materials 2599

Reinforcements: Fibers, Whiskers, and Platelets 2615

Requirements for Certification of Composite Airframes: Historical Evolution 2621

Resin Infusion Under Flexible Tooling (RIFT) 2648

Volume 5

Self-Healing Composites 2659

Sensors in Composites 2669

Shear Properties of Polymers and Composites 2677

Sheet Molding Compounds 2683

Shells: Buckling Loads of Laminated Cylinders 2718

Short-Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composites: Structure-Properties Relations 2725

Short-Fiber Thermoplastics Composites: Fiber Fracture During Melt Processing 2732

Smart Structures 2751

Soft Tissue Repair and Regeneration: Composite Materials toward the Design of Advanced Prostheses and Scaffolds 2770

Space Environment Effects on Polymer Matrix Composites 2779

Spacecraft Structure 2790

Spacecraft Structures: Development 2813

Stainless Steel Polymer Composites 2835

Standards and Specifications 2848

Standards for Composite Materials: National, European, and International 2865

Static Electricity and Aircraft 2878

Statistical Fracture Theories 2886

Stitched Preforms, NCF 2892

Stress Residual 2903

Structural Composite Design: Concepts and Considerations 2914

Structural Natural Composites 2923

Structure and Biomechanics of Biological Composites 2928

Structure and Fracture Mechanics of Injection-Molded Composites 2939

Structures: Marine Sandwich 2952

Styrenic Composites 2960

Superconducting Composites 2964

Surface Analysis 2974

Systems Avionics Applications 2992

Testing Methods for Strength Characterization of Woven Fabric Composites at Cryogenic Temperatures 3001

Testing: Mechanical Characterization 3009

Thermal Spray Coatings 3014

Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Cooper-Carbon Composites in Electronic Packaging 3034

Thermoforming of Thermoplastics Matrix Composites 3056

Thermophysical and Thermal Expansion Properties 3070

Thermoplastic Composite Manufacturing Cost Analysis 3092

Thermoset Resins 3098

Tires, Automobile 3129

3D Textile Composites: Mechanical Properties 3136

Vibration and Damping of Composite Structures 3143

Vinyl Ester Matrix Resins and Composites 3174

Viscoelastic Behavior 3177

Weaving 3184

Wood-Based Composite Board 3194

Wood Composite Laminates 3204

Wood Plastic Composite: Present and Future 3212

Woven Composite Structures 3232

“This encyclopedia is a useful acquisition for libraries, especially those of engineering companies, universities, and institutes.  Summing Up: Recommended.  Researchers/faculty and professionals/practitioners.”  (Choice, 1 December 2012)