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Wireless Information and Power Transfer: Theory and Practice

Wireless Information and Power Transfer: Theory and Practice

Derrick Wing Kwan Ng (Editor), Trung Q. Duong (Editor), Caijun Zhong (Editor), Robert Schober (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-47683-2

Dec 2018, Wiley-IEEE Press

328 pages

$135.99

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Description

Wireless Information and Power Transfer offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the theory, models, techniques, implementation and application of wireless information and power transfer (WIPT) in energy-constrained wireless communication networks. With contributions from an international panel of experts, this important resource covers the various aspects of WIPT systems such as, system modeling, physical layer techniques, resource allocation and performance analysis. The contributors also explore targeted research problems typically encountered when designing WIPT systems.

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Contributors v

Preface vii

1 The Era of Wireless Information and Power Transfer 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Background 4

1.2.1 RF-Based Wireless Power Transfer 5

1.2.2 Receiver Structure for WIPT 6

1.3 Energy Harvesting Model and Waveform Design 9

1.4 Efficiency and Interference Management in WIPT Systems 11

1.5 Security in SWIPT Systems 13

1.6 Cooperative WIPT Systems 14

1.7 WIPT for 5G Applications 15

1.8 Conclusion 16

Acknowledgement 17

Bibliography 17

2 Fundamentals of Signal Design for WPT and SWIPT 25

2.1 Introduction 25

2.2 WPT Architecture 28

2.3 WPT Signal and System Design 32

2.4 SWIPT Signal and System Design 44

2.5 Conclusions and Observations 48

Bibliography 50

3 Unified Design of Wireless Information and Power Transmission 57

3.1 Introduction 57

3.2 Nonlinear EH Models 61

3.3 Waveform and Transceiver Design 65

3.3.1 Multi-tone (PAPR) based SWIPT 65

3.3.2 Dual Mode SWIPT 71

3.4 Energy Harvesting Circuit Design 78

3.5 Discussion and Conclusion 83

Bibliography 85

4 Industrial SWIPT: Backscatter Radio and RFIDs 87

4.1 Introduction 87

4.2 Wireless Signal Model 89

4.3 RFID Tag Operation 90

4.3.1 RF Harvesting & Powering for RFID Tag 92

4.3.2 RFID Tag Backscatter (Uplink) Radio 93

4.4 Reader BER for Operational RFID 97

4.5 RFID Reader SWIPT Reception 99

4.5.1 Harvesting Sensitivity Outage 99

4.5.2 Power Consumption Outage 100

4.5.3 Information Outage 101

4.5.4 Successful SWIPT Reception 102

4.6 Numerical Results 103

4.7 Conclusion 108

Bibliography 109

5 Multi-antenna Energy Beamforming for SWIPT 115

5.1 Introduction 115

5.2 System Model 121

5.3 Rate-Energy Region Characterization 126

5.3.1 Problem Formulation 126

5.3.2 Optimal Solution 130

5.4 Extensions 134

5.5 Conclusion 136

Bibliography 137

6 On the Application of SWIPT on NOMA Networks 143

6.1 Introduction 143

6.1.1 Motivation 145

6.2 Network Model 146

6.2.1 Phase 1: Direct Transmission 148

6.2.2 Phase 2: Cooperative Transmission 151

6.3 Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access with User Selection 152

6.3.1 RNRF Selection Scheme 152

6.3.2 NNNF Selection Scheme 157

6.3.3 NNFF Selection Scheme 161

6.4 Numerical Results 163

6.4.1 Outage Probability of the Near Users 163

6.4.2 Outage Probability of the Far Users 166

6.4.3 Throughput in Delay-Sensitive Transmission Mode 169

6.5 Conclusions 169

Bibliography 171

7 Fairness-Aware Wireless Powered Communications with Processing Cost 177

7.1 Introduction 177

7.2 System Model 179

7.2.1 Energy Storage Strategies 181

7.2.2 Circuit Power Consumption 182

7.3 Proportionally Fair Resource Allocation 183

7.3.1 Short-term Energy Storage Strategy 184

7.3.2 Long-term Energy Storage Strategy 186

7.3.3 Practical Online Implementation 191

7.3.4 Numerical Results 192

7.4 Conclusion 195

7.5 Appendix 196

7.5.1 Proof of Theorem 72 196

Bibliography 200

8 Wireless Power Transfer in Millimeter Wave 205

8.1 Introduction 205

8.2 System Model 208

8.3 Analytical Results 213

8.4 Key Insights 219

8.5 Conclusions 224

8.6 Appendix 227

Bibliography 228

9 Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Relaying Systems 231

9.1 Introduction 231

9.2 Wireless-Powered Cooperative Networks with a Single Source- Destination Pair 234

9.2.1 System Model and Outline 234

9.2.2 Wireless Energy Harvesting Relaying Protocols 234

9.2.3 Multiple Antennas at the Relay 238

9.2.4 Multiple Relays and Relay Selection Strategies 240

9.2.5 Power Allocation Strategies for Multiple Carriers 246

9.3 Wireless-Powered Cooperative Networks with Multiple Sources 249

9.3.1 System Model 249

9.3.2 Power Allocation Strategies 249

9.3.3 Multiple Relays and Relay Selection Strategies 256

9.3.4 Two-Way Relaying Networks 259

9.4 Future Research Challenges 260

9.4.1 Non-linear Energy Harvesting Model and Hardware Impairments 260

9.4.2 NOMA-based Relaying 261

9.4.3 Large Scale Networks 261

9.4.4 Cognitive Relaying 262

Bibliography 263

10 Harnessing Interference in SWIPT Systems 267

10.1 Introduction 267

10.2 System Model 270

10.3 Conventional Precoding Solution 272

10.4 Joint Precoding and Power Splitting with Constructive Interference 273

10.4.1 Problem Formulation 274

10.4.2 Upper bounding SOCP algorithm 277

10.4.3 Successive Linear Approximation Algorithm 279

10.4.4 Lower bounding SOCP formulation 281

10.5 Simulation Results 283

10.6 Conclusions 285

Bibliography 286

11 Physical Layer Security in SWIPT Systems with Non-Linear Energy Harvesting Circuits 291

11.1 Introduction 291

Notation 296

11.2 Channel Model 296

11.2.1 Energy Harvesting Model 298

11.2.2 Channel State Information Model 301

11.2.3 Secrecy Rate 302

11.3 Optimization Problem and Solution 302

11.4 Results 307

11.5 Conclusions 311

Appendix-Proof of Theorem 111 312

Bibliography 314

12 Wireless-Powered Cooperative Networks with Energy Accumulation 321

12.1 Introduction 321

12.2 System Model 325

12.3 Energy Accumulation of Relay Battery 329

12.3.1 Transition Matrix of the MC 330

12.3.2 Stationary Distribution of the Relay Battery 332

12.4 Throughput Analysis 333

12.5 Numerical Results 335

12.6 Conclusion 338

12.7 Appendix 338

Bibliography 342

13 Spectral and Energy Efficient Wireless Powered IoT Networks 345

13.1 Introduction 345

13.2 System Model and Problem Formulation 349

13.2.1 System Model 349

13.2.2 T-WPCN and Problem Formulation 350

13.2.3 N-WPCN and Problem Formulation 351

13.3 T-WPCN or N-WPCN? 352

13.3.1 Optimal Solution for T-WPCN 352

13.3.2 Optimal Solution for N-WPCN 354

13.3.3 TDMA versus NOMA 355

13.4 Numerical Results 360

13.4.1 SE versus PB Transmit Power 360

13.4.2 SE versus Device Circuit Power 362

13.5 Conclusions 363

13.6 Future Work 364

Bibliography 365

14 Wireless-Powered Mobile Edge Computing Systems 373

14.1 Introduction 373

14.2 System Model 378

14.3 Joint MEC-WPT Design 383

14.3.1 Problem Formulation 383

14.3.2 Optimal Solution 385

14.4 Numerical Results 392

14.5 Conclusion 396

Bibliography 397

15 Wireless Power Transfer: A Macroscopic Approach 403

15.1 Wireless-Powered Cooperative Networks with Energy Storage 404

15.1.1 System Model 405

15.1.2 Relay Selection Schemes 407

15.1.3 Numerical Results 414

15.2 Wireless-Powered Ad-Hoc Networks with SIC and SWIPT 415

15.2.1 System Model 416

15.2.2 SWIPT with SIC 418

15.2.3 Numerical Results 420

15.3 A Wireless-Powered Opportunistic Feedback Protocol 421

15.3.1 System Model 422

15.3.2 Wireless-Powered OBF Protocol 426

15.3.3 Beam Outage Probability 427

15.3.4 Numerical Results 430

15.4 Conclusion 431

Bibliography 431

Index 435