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Wittgenstein's Place in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

Wittgenstein's Place in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

P. M. S. Hacker

ISBN: 978-0-631-20099-4

Nov 1996

368 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock

$56.95

Description

This text provides a unique and compelling account of Wittgenstein's impact upon twentieth century analytic philosophy, from its inception to its subsequent decline.

Preface ix

Acknowledgements xii

List of Abbreviations xiv

Chapter 1 The Background 1

1 The origins of analytic philosophy 1

2 The problem-setting context of the Tractatus 22

Chapter 2 The Achievement of the Tractatus 22

1 Unquestioned legacy 22

2 Criticisms of Frege and Russell 26

3 The metaphysical picture of the relation of thought, language and reality 29

4 The positive account of the propositions of logic 32

5 The critique of metaphysics and the conception of future philosophy as analysis 35

Chapter 3 The Impact of the Tractatus: The Vienna Circle 39

1 The Vienna Circle 39

2 Philosophy, analysis, and the scientific world-view 42

3 The demolition of metaphysics 44

4 Necessary propositions, conventionalism and consistent empiricism 45

5 The principle of verification 50

Chapter 4 The Inter-war Years: Cambridge and Oxford 67

1 Cambridge between the wars 67

2 Wittgenstein in Cambridge 76

3 Oxford between the wars 87

Chapter 5 The Achievement of the Investigations 97

1 The hedgehog and the fox 97

2 The repudiation of analysis 103

3 The nature of philosophy 110

4 Metaphysics 117

5 Philosophy of language and the unity of the Investigations 123

6 Philosophical psychology 130

Chapter 6 Wittgenstein’s Impact upon Post-war Analytic Philosophy 137

1 Publications and pupils 138

2 Philosophy at Oxford, 1945-70 148

3 Wittgenstein and post-war philosophy at Oxford 162

Chapter 7 Post-positivism in the United States and Quine’s Apostasy 183

1 The logical positivists in America 183

2 Quine and Wittgenstein: similarity amidst differences 189

3 Quine and logical empiricism: the end of analytic philosophy? 193

4 Quine’s progress 196

5 Quine and Wittgenstein: differences beneath similarities 207

Chapter 8 The decline of Analytic Philosophy 228

1 The critical backlash 228

2 Criticisms of Wittgenstein 239

3 The aftermath 264

Notes 274

Index 334

"A mojor contribution to the history of analytic philosophy, this substantial volume delivers even more than the title promises" David G Stern, The Philosophical Review
  • Provides unique survey of analytic philosophy
  • Authoritative assessment of Wittgenstein, his achievements and influence
  • The culmination of 20 years of scholarship
  • The epilogue.