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Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive Practices Toward Parity



Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive Practices Toward Parity

Mary Anne Holmes (Editor), Suzanne OConnell (Editor), Kuheli Dutt (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-06785-6 May 2015 American Geophysical Union 192 Pages



Read an interview with the author: "Working Toward Gender Parity in the Geosciences"

The geoscience workforce has a lower proportion of women compared to the general population of the United States and compared to many other STEM fields. This volume explores issues pertaining to gender parity in the geosciences, and sheds light on some of the best practices that increase participation by women and promote parity.

Volume highlights include:
• Lessons learned from NSF-ADVANCE
• Data on gender composition of faculty at top earth science institutions in the US
• Implicit bias and gender as a social structure
• Strategies for institutional change
• Dual career couples
• Family friendly policies
• Role of mentoring
• Career advancement for women
• Recruiting diverse faculty
• Models of institutional transformation

Women in the Geosciences is a valuable contribution to the existing literature on gender issues in STEM disciplines. It focuses specifically on the geosciences, with a goal to spreading awareness on the best practices for gender parity in academic geoscience departments. Geoscientists, policymakers, educators and administrators could all greatly benefit from the contents of this volume.

Contributors v

Introduction 1

Section I: The Data

1. Who Receives a Geoscience Degree? 13
Mary Anne Holmes

2. We are the 20%: Updated Statistics on Female Faculty in Earth Sciences in the U.S 17
Jennifer B. Glass

Section II: A Framework to Address the Issue

3. A Sociological Framework to Address Gender Parity 25
Mary Anne Holmes

Section III: Successful Strategies to Address the Issue

4. Best Practices to Achieve Gender Parity: Lessons Learned from NSF’s ADVANCE and Similar Programs 33
Mary Anne Holmes

Section III. A: Institutional Strategies

5. Strategic Institutional Change to Support Advancement of Women Scientists in the Academy: Initial Lessons from a Study of ADVANCE IT Projects 39
Sandra L. Laursen, Ann E. Austin, Melissa Soto and Dalinda Martinez

6. Institutional Transformation: The Lamont]Doherty Earth Observatory Experience 51
Kuheli Dutt

7. Dual Career, Flexible Faculty 67
Mary Anne Holmes

8. Lactation in the Academy: Accommodating Breastfeeding Scientists 75
Suzanne OConnell

Section III. B: Interactional and Individual Strategies

9. Implicit Assumption: What It Is, How to Reduce Its Impact 81
Mary Anne Holmes

10. Hiring a Diverse Faculty 95
Suzanne OConnell and Mary Anne Holmes

11. Multiple and Sequential Mentoring: Building Your Nest 109
Suzanne OConnell

12. Mentoring Physical Oceanography Women to Increase Retention 121
Susan Lozier and Sarah Clem

13. ASCENT, a Discipline]Specific Model to Support the Retention and Advancement of Women in Science 135
A. Gannet Hallar, Linnea Avallone, Heather Thiry and Laura M. Edwards

14. Facilitating Career Advancement for Women in the Geosciences through the Earth Science Women’s Network (ESWN) 149
Meredith G. Hastings, Christine Wiedinmyer and Rose Kontak

15. Learning to Develop a Writing Practice 161
Suzanne OConnell

Index 171

Color plate section located between pages 88 and 89