Notes on Contributors x
Introduction by Simin Karimi xiii
1 Topic and Focus Scope Positions in Navajo 1
Kenneth Hale, Eloise Jelinek, and MaryAnn Willie
2 Argument Scrambling, Operator Movement, and Topic Movement in Hungarian 22
Katalin E. Kiss
3 Grammatical Relations in Tohono O’odham: an Instrumental Perspective 44
Mizuki Miyashita, Richard Demers, and Delbert Ortiz
4 Bare Nominals: Non-Specific and Contrastive Readings under Scrambling 67
5 On Object Positions, Specificity, and Scrambling in Persian 91
6 Scrambling, Subscrambling, and Case in Turkish 125
7 Does Russian Scrambling Exist? 156
John Frederick Bailyn
8 A-Movement Scrambling and Options without Optionality 177
9 Scrambling in Dutch: Optionality and Optimality 201
Helen de Hoop
10 Word Order and (Remnant) VP Movement 217
11 Non-Canonical Word Order: Topic and Focus in Adult and Child Tamil 238
12 L2 Acquisition of Japanese: Knowledge and Use of Case Particles in SOV and OSV Sentences 273
13 Scrambling and Processing: Dependencies, Complexity, and Constraints 301
Irina A. Sekerina
14 WH-Movement versus Scrambling: the Brain Makes a Difference 325
Angela D. Friederici, Matthias Schlesewsky, and Christian J. Fiebach
"This volume represents well the depth and the scope of current research on scrambling. It illustrates the rich and diverse phenomena the term ‘scrambling’ covers and shows nicely that they provide a wealth of information for the development of linguistic theory." Mamoru Saito, Nanzan University
"I highly recommend this volume to anyone interested in issues on word order, particularly issues related to the ‘free word order’ phenomena sometimes collectively called ‘scrambling’. The book is an impressive collection of papers over a wide range of topics on word order in a number of typologically diverse languages, viewed mainly from syntax and semantics, but also incorporating insights from language acquisition and brain imaging." Naoki Fukui, Sophia University
- Introduces readers to recent research into the linguistic phenomenon called scrambling, or free word order.
- Explores major issues including factors responsible for word order variations, how scrambled constructions are processed, and whether variations are available in early child language development and in second language acquisition.
- Discusses a number of typologically diverse languages including Hindi, Japanese, and Navajo.
- Provides enlightening information on different aspects of word order variation and the consequences for our understanding of the nature of human language.