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World Food: Production and Use

World Food: Production and Use

Alfred R. Conklin, Thomas Stilwell

ISBN: 978-0-470-16872-1

Jan 2007

464 pages

Select type: Online Book

Description

A comprehensive look at food production and consumption worldwide

This global overview of agriculture discusses all of the primary aspects of food production and relates that information to human nutritional needs. It covers everything from food crop production to food preparation. Beginning with a detailed description of representative farms in different climates, World Food: Production and Use:

  • Describes how and where food is produced and who produces it
  • Compares and contrasts different farming systems and describes how local culture and environment influence food production and use
  • Contains detailed information on human nutrition
  • Features specific information on: grain crops; vegetables; root crops; fruits, berries and nuts; and farm animals and fish
  • Discusses factors that impact food production, including weather, soil, fertility, and water
  • Includes a chapter on increasing food supplies
  • Addresses some of the issues surrounding Genetically-Modified Organisms (GMOs)

Complete with a CD-ROM with color graphs, tables, and pictures, this is an ideal textbook for courses on world food systems in agriculture, agronomy, crop science, and food science programs. It is also an excellent resource for professionals working in agricultural or international development, relief agencies, or volunteer organizations such as the Peace Corps.

Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Preface.

1. Representative Farms From Around the World.

1.1 The Philippine Farmer.

1.2 The Ecuadorian Farmer.

1.3 The United States Farmer.

1.4 Conclusion - A Concise Comparison.

1.5 Questions.

2. Human Nutrition.

2.1 Meals of Farmers.

2.2 Introduction.

2.3 Energy.

2.4 Protein/Amino acids.

2.5 Carbohydrates.

2.6 Fats, Oils and Lipids.

2.7 Fiber.

2.8 Vitamins.

2.9 Minerals.

2.10 How the Body Uses Nutrients.

2.11 Diets of the Three Farmers.

2.12 Conclusions.

2.13 Questions.

2.14 References Cited.

3. Grain Crops.

3.1 Food Grains on Three Farms.

3.2 World Maize & Sorghum Production.

3.3 World Wheat and Barley Production.

3.4 World Rice Production.

3.5 World Soybean Production.

3.6 Other Grains.

3.7 Nutrient Content of Crops.

3.8 Conclusions.

3.9 Questions.

3.10 References Cited.

4. World Vegetables.

4.1 Vegetable Production in Each Farming System.

4.2 Types of Vegetables and their uses.

4.3 Importance of Vegetables in World Trade.

4.4 History.

4.5 Cultivation.

4.6 Protection.

4.7 Leafy vegetables.

4.8 Immature Seeds as Vegetables.

4.9 Melons Squash and Cucumber.

4.10 Petiole and Stem Vegetables.

4.11 Root Vegetables.

4.12 Other Vegetables.

4.13 Transport and Storage of Vegetables.

4.14 Conclusions.

4.15 Questions.

4.16 References Cited.

5. Root Crops.

5.1 Root Crops on the Three Farms.

5.2. Introduction.

5.3. Root Crops.

5.4 Botanical descriptions.

5.5 Tubers.

5.6 Cassava Modified Roots.

5.7. Taro Corm.

5.8 Other Common Root Crops.

5.9 Genetically Modified Root Crops.

5.10 Nutritional Values of Carbohydrate Rich Root Crops.

5.11 Preparation and Consumption.

5.12 Conclusions.

5.13 Questions.

5.14 References Cited.

6. Fruits, Berries and Nuts.

6.1 Fruit, Berry and Nut production on the Three Farms.

6.2 Introduction.

6.3 Tree Fruits.

6.4 Tropical Fruits.

6.5. Subtropical Fruits.

6.6. Temperate Fruits.

6.7. World Berry Production.

6.8 Nuts.

6.8. World Nut Production.

6.9 Coconut.

6.10. Other Uses of Fruit and Nut Trees.

6.11. Peanuts.

6.12. Conclusions.

6.13 Questions.

6.14 References Cited.

7. Farm Animals and Fish.

7.1 Animals on the Three Farms.

7.2 Importance in World Agriculture.

7.3 Animal Production Systems.

7.4 World Chicken, Duck & Goose Production.

7.5 World Cattle and Buffalo Production.

7.6 World Sheep and Goat Production.

7.7 World Swine Production.

7.8 World Aquaculture.

7.9 Other Farm Animals.

7.10 Nutrition.

7.11 Conclusions.

7.12 Questions.

7.13 References Cited.

8. Climate and Food Production.

8.1 Climate at the Three Farms.

8.2 Climatic Zones of the Three Farms.

8.3 Classification of World Climatic Zones.

8.4 Crop Production and Climate.

8.5 Precipitation Patterns and Cop Production.

8.6 Day Length.

8.7 Length of Growing Season.

8.8 Growing Degree Days.

8.9 Humidity.

8.10 Adverse Weather Conditions.

8.11 Climate Change and its Possible Effects on Food Production.

8.12 Conclusions.

8.13 Questions.

8.14 References Cited.

9. Soils and Water.

9.1 Soil on Three Farms.

9.2 Introduction.

9.3 Available land.

9.4 Soil Types.

9.5 Soil Complexity.

9.6 Soil Inorganic Components.

9.7 Soil Organic Components.

9.8 Soil Basic Fertility.

9.9 Soil Erosion.

9.10 Water on the Three Farms.

9.11 Water and Soil.

9.12 Conclusions.

9.13 Questions.

9.14 References Cited.

10. Raw Materials of Agriculture.

10.1 Three Farmers.

10.2 What Raw Materials Do Farmers Use?

10.3 Sunlight.

10.4 Oxygen and CO2.

10.5 Rainfall.

10.6 Roads.

10.7 Land.

10.8 Buildings.

10.9 Equipment.

10.10 Labor.

10.11 Seed.

10.12 Fertilizers’ chemical or organic.

10.13 Weed, insect & disease control.

10.14 Electricity.

10.15 Water-irrigation.

10.16 Vaccines & Medicines.

10.17 Credit.

10.18 The Law of Diminishing Returns.

10.19 Conclusions.

10.20 Questions.

10.21 References Cited.

11. Increasing Food Supplies.

11.1 Malthus: Scaremonger or Prophet?

11.2 Famines.

11.3 Effects of famine relief.

11.4 The Green Revolution.

11.5 Factors Affecting Food Production.

11.6 Agriculture for the Long Term.

11.7 Dealing with Population Changes.

11.8 Food Security.

11.9 Conclusions.

11.10 Questions.

11.11 References Cited.

12. Genetically Modified Crops & Animals.

12.1 Three Farmers and Their Crops.

12.2 What does Genetically Modified Mean?

12.3 A Brief History of Genetic Modification.

12.4 Transgenic Crops.

12.5 The Future of Transgenic Crops.

12.6 Transgenic Animals.

12.7 The Future of Transgenic Animals.

12.8 Conclusions.

12.9 Questions.

12.10 References Cited.

Glossary.

Index.

"The book provides a global overview of agriculture…aimed at students and professionals working in the agricultural sciences." (Food Science and Technology Abstracts, September 2008)
  • CD-ROM contains recipes, color photographs, and powerpoint slides to aid instructors in classroom presentation (NB: If this is to be for instructors only, then we may move material to an FTP site; if for both students and instructors, then we will include the CD)
  • Describes how food is produced, where it is produced, who produces it, and how they do so.
  • Tackles the basics of food production such as weather, soil, fertility, water, and some of the issues surrounding GMOs, or Genetically-Modified Organisms.
  • Compares and contrasts different farming systems and describes how culture and environment influence the production and use of agricultural crops