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Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, 3rd Edition

Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, 3rd Edition

Richard DeWitt

ISBN: 978-1-119-11889-3

Mar 2018

384 pages

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List of Figures 

Acknowledgments 

Introduction 

Part I: Fundamental Issues  1

1 Worldviews 

2 Truth 

3 Empirical Facts and Philosophical/Conceptual Facts 

4 Confirming and Disconfirming Evidence and Reasoning 

5 The Quine–Duhem Thesis and Implications for Scientific Method 

6 A Philosophical Interlude: Problems and Puzzles of Induction 

7 Falsifiability 

8 Instrumentalism and Realism 

Part II: The Transition from the Aristotelian Worldview to the Newtonian Worldview 

9  The Structure of the Universe on the Aristotelian Worldview 

10 The Preface to Ptolemy’s Almagest: The Earth as Spherical, Stationary, and at the Center of the Universe 

11 Astronomical Data: The Empirical Facts 

12 Astronomical Data: The Philosophical/Conceptual Facts 

13 The Ptolemaic System 

14 The Copernican System 

15 The Tychonic System 

16 Kepler’s System 

17 Galileo and the Evidence from the Telescope 

18 A Summary of Problems Facing the Aristotelian Worldview 

19 Philosophical and Conceptual Connections in the Development of the New Science 

20 Overview of the New Science and the Newtonian Worldview 

21 Philosophical Interlude: What Is a Scientific Law? 

22 The Development of the Newtonian Worldview, 1700–1900 

Part III: Recent Developments in Science and Worldviews 

23 The Special Theory of Relativity 

24 The General Theory of Relativity 

25 Philosophical Interlude: Are (Some) Scientific Theories Incommensurable? 

26 Introduction to Quantum Theory: Basic Empirical Facts and the Mathematics of Quantum Theory 

27 The Reality Question: The Measurement Problem and Interpretations of Quantum Theory 

28 Quantum Theory and Locality: EPR, Bell’s Theorem, and the Aspect Experiments 

29 Overview of the Theory of Evolution 

30 Reflections on Evolution 

31 Worldviews: Concluding Thoughts 

Chapter Notes and Suggested Reading 

References 

Index