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Zinc Oxide: Fundamentals, Materials and Device Technology

Zinc Oxide: Fundamentals, Materials and Device Technology

Hadis Morkoç, Ümit Özgür

ISBN: 978-3-527-62395-2

Dec 2008

488 pages



This first systematic, authoritative and thorough treatment in one comprehensive volume presents the fundamentals and technologies of the topic, elucidating all aspects of ZnO materials and devices.
Following an introduction, the authors look at the general properties of ZnO, as well as its growth, optical processes, doping and ZnO-based dilute magnetic semiconductors. Concluding sections treat bandgap engineering, processing and ZnO nanostructures and nanodevices.
Of interest to device engineers, physicists, and semiconductor and solid state scientists in general.

1 General Properties of ZnO
1.1 Crystal Structure
1.2 Lattice Parameters
1.3 Electronic Band Structure
1.4 Mechanical Properties
1.5 Vibrational Properties
1.6 Thermal Properties
1.7 Electrical Properties of Undoped ZnO

2 ZnO Growth
2.1 Bulk Growth
2.2 Substrates
2.3 Epitaxial Growth Techniques

3 Optical Properties
3.1 Optical Processes in Semiconductors
3.2 Optical Transitions in ZnO
3.3 Defects in ZnO
3.4 Refractive Index of ZnO and MgZnO
3.5 Stimulated Emission in ZnO
3.6 Recombination Dynamics in ZnO
3.7 Nonlinear Optical Properties

4 Doping of ZnO
4.1 n-Type Doping
4.2 p-Type Doping

5 ZnO-Based Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors
5.1 Doping with Transition Metals
5.2 General Remarks about Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors
5.3 Classification of Magnetic Materials
5.4 A Brief Theory of Magnetization
5.5 Dilute Magnetic Semiconductor Theoretical Aspects
5.6 Measurements Techniques for Identification of Ferromagnetism
5.7 Magnetic Interactions in DMS
5.8 Theoretical Studies on ZnO-Based Magnetic Semiconductors
5.9 Experimental Results on ZnO-Based Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors

6 Bandgap Engineering
6.1 MgxZn1-xO Alloy
6.2 BexZn1-xO Alloy
6.3 CdyZn1-yO Alloy

7 ZnO Nanostructures
7.1 Synthesis of ZnO Nanostructures
7.2 Applications of ZnO Nanostructures

8 Processing, Devices, and Heterostructures
8.1 A Primer to Semiconductor-Metal Contacts
8.2 Ohmic Contacts to ZnO
8.3 Schottky Contacts to ZnO
8.4 Etching of ZnO
8.5 Heterostructure Devices
8.6 Piezoelectric Devices
8.7 Sensors and Solar Cells Based on ZnO Nanostructures
8.8 Concluding Remarks