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Collegiality and the Collegium in an Era of Faculty Differentiation: ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 43, Number 4


£ 19.99


Collegiality and the Collegium in an Era of Faculty Differentiation: ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 43, Number 4

Nathan F. Alleman, Cara Cliburn Allen, Don Haviland

ISBN: 978-1-119-46763-2 November 2017 Jossey-Bass 136 Pages


Dramatic shifts in the demographic and labor diversity of American faculty have pressed institutions and the profession to clarify who the “real” faculty are, from tenured to adjunct faculty. Efforts to equalize respect, resources, and treatment, although laudable, may be missing a vital aspect of the conversation: the role of collegiality and the collegium.

Collegiality, the cultural, structural, and behavioral components, and the collegium, or the shared identity collegiality serves, are ancient concepts that raise timely questions for the faculty profession:
  • What is it about the history of the professoriate in America that has rendered the collegium inadequate and yet so important in an age of differentiated labor?
  • How might a renewed vision for collegiality bring clarity to the question of which faculty should be regarded as experts?
  • How can we adapt and leverage these important concepts for a professoriate that is increasingly diverse by demographics and employment category in ways that result in a more inclusive and robust profession?

    Engaging in these questions through the extant literature will call readers into a compelling new conversation about the needs of and possibilities for the professoriate.

    This is the fourth issue of the 43rd volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.
  • Executive Summary 07

    Foreword 11

    Defining and Contextualizing Collegiality and the Collegium 15

    Introduction and Context 15

    Focus of the Monograph 17

    Part I: Contemporary Definitions of Collegiality and the Collegium 19

    Collegiality 19

    The Collegium 21

    Part II: The Contextual Imperative for Revisiting Collegiality 22

    Faculty Employment Differentiation 26

    Summative Implications for Collegiality and the Collegium 33

    The Fragmented Origins of the Collegium 35

    Part I: Historic Origins of the Collegium 36

    The Medieval Era: The Earliest Forms of the Collegium 36

    Forms of the Collegium in Europe 38

    Colonial Colleges: The Dominance of the Board 40

    From Tutor to Professor: Shifting Roles in the Nineteenth Century 42

    The Turn of the Twentieth Century: Setting the Stage for the Collegium 45

    The Interwar Period: Faculty Demands for Authority 51

    The Postwar Period: Factors Supporting the Collegium 53

    The Fragmented Collegium in America 54

    Part II: Relocating Collegiality in the Modern Era 56

    Collegiality as an Institutional Archetype 57

    Summary 60

    Collegiality and the Collegium in the Contemporary University 61

    Part I: Maxims of Collegiality and the Collegium in the Contemporary University 62

    Maxim One: The Collegium Describes a Collective But Exclusive Membership 62

    Maxim Two: Collegiality Exists Across Overlapping Domains of Structure, Culture, and Behavior, But Is Not Complete in Any One of Them 65

    Maxim Three: Collegiality Contains an Expectation of an Inclusive Governance Process that Persists in Importance Despite the Presence of Other Governance Forms 67

    Maxim Four: The Focal Point of Collegiality Is the Pursuit of Shared Purpose, Despite the Divergent Claims and Interests of Various Academic Units 68

    Maxim Five: Collegiality Implies a Willingness to Be Scrutinized by One’s Expert Peers 69

    Maxim Six: Collegiality Is Fraught with Tensions, Contradictions, and Unresolved Questions 71

    Maxim Seven: Despite Challenges, Collegiality Still Has Value 73

    Part II: NTTF Collegial Expectations and Experiences 75

    NTTF Collegial Expectations 75

    NTTF Collegial Experiences and the Factors that Shape Them 78

    Individual Factors Affecting NTTF Collegiality Experiences 79

    Interpersonal Factors Affecting NTTF Collegial Experiences 82

    Institutional Factors Affecting NTTF Collegiality Experiences 83

    Summary 87

    Imagining the Organic Collegium for a New Era 88

    The Collegium Revisited 90

    Accessing the Collegium: The Role of Expertise 92

    Collegiality and the Collegium in an Era of Faculty Differentiation 5

    Why Conditional Collegiality Matters 95

    Exclusion of Voices 95

    Exclusion of and Effect on Diverse Voices 96

    Weakened Faculty Body 97

    Envisioning an Organic Collegium 98

    Moving Forward: Addressing the Questions 107

    Future Research Directions 109

    What Is the Relationship Between Faculty “Type” and Expectations and Experiences Regarding Collegiality? 109

    What Conditions or Factors Shape Collegial Interactions and Climates? 109

    Does Access to the Collegium and Collegiality Vary Across Institutional Types? 110

    What Are the Effects of Collegiality? 110

    How Are Institutions Building Collegial Environments for NTTF? 111

    Conclusion: Today’s Faculty and the Organic Collegium 111

    References 114

    Name Index 123

    Subject Index 127

    About the Author 129