Skip to main content

Homelessness and Housing Insecurity in Higher Education: A Trauma-Informed Approach to Research, Policy, and Practice: ASHE Higher Education Report , Volume 43, Number 6

E-Book

£ 19.99

*VAT

Homelessness and Housing Insecurity in Higher Education: A Trauma-Informed Approach to Research, Policy, and Practice: ASHE Higher Education Report , Volume 43, Number 6

Ronald E. Hallett, Rashida Crutchfield

ISBN: 978-1-119-48243-7 December 2017 Jossey-Bass 136 Pages

Description

Both colleges and policymakers recognize the importance of supporting students experiencing homelessness in higher education. The challenges involve both addressing issues of college access as well as developing strategies to support retention and degree completion once enrolled.

This volume explores how homelessness intersects most social issues that marginalize individuals and negatively influence postsecondary completion, including poverty, foster care, and LGBTQ+ discrimination. As becomes evident, students experiencing homelessness should be considered in conversations about equity and access. For these students, completing some form of degree or certification beyond high school is a vital step in achieving future stability.

Topics covered include:
  • how residential experiences influence educational engagement and retention
  • an overview of research related to housing insecurity in higher education
  • federal and state policies related to homelessness in higher education
  • a trauma-informed care approach to this issue
  • an approach to understanding and studying housing insecurity among students
  • ideas that will be necessary for policy and program development.
  • Executive Summary 07

    Foreword 11

    Introduction 13

    Framing the Issue within Higher Education 16

    Issues of Justice and Trauma 18

    Preview of Chapters 20

    Intersection of Education and Housing Insecurity 22

    Size of Housing Insecurity in Higher Education 23

    Economic Pressures Influencing Housing 26

    Intersection of Housing Insecurity and Marginalization 28

    Lack of Service Collaboration 37

    Housing Insecurity and Homelessness in K-12 32

    Housing Insecurity and Homelessness in Higher Education 36

    Postsecondary Preparation and Access 37

    Postsecondary Experiences and Retention 40

    Recommendations for Practice and Research 46

    Explore the Size and Scope of Housing Insecurity Locally 47

    Explore Demographic Differences 48

    Incorporate Housing Insecurity into Institutional Discussions of Retention 48

    Understand the Impact of Institutional Type 49

    Policies Framing Housing Insecurity in Higher Education 50

    Federal Policies Related to Higher Education 50

    U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 51

    McKinney-Vento and ESSA 52

    College Cost Reduction and Access Act 54

    Higher Education Opportunity Act 55

    State Policies Related to Higher Education 56

    Definitional Approaches Framing Policy, Practice, and Research 58

    Recommendations for Practice and Research 61

    Explore How Homelessness and Housing Insecurity Exist Locally 61

    Review Institutional Policies 62

    Engage in State and Federal Policy Development and Advocacy 62

    Conduct Nuanced Study of FASFA for Students Experiencing Housing Insecurity 62

    Study Effectiveness of State and Institutional Policies 63

    Explore How Definitional Policy Influences Student Success 63

    Develop Federal Higher Education Policy 63

    Trauma-Informed and Sensitive Colleges 65

    Understanding Trauma 66

    How Trauma Related to Housing Insecurity Influences Education 69

    Trauma-Sensitive Educational Institutions 73

    Assessing the Issue of Housing Insecurity 74

    Evaluating Institutional Policies and Practices 76

    Implementing Safe, Supportive Policies and Practices 77

    Sustaining Trauma-Sensitive Approaches 79

    Recommendations for Practice and Research 80

    Identify a Single Point of Contact 80

    Avoid Diluting the Concept of Trauma 81

    Continue Development of the Trauma-Informed and Trauma-Sensitive Colleges Model 81

    Identify and Share Emerging Promising Practices 82

    Investigate Different Forms of Housing Insecurity 83

    Higher Education Housing Continuum 85

    Methodological Approach and Purpose 87

    Higher Education Housing Continuum 88

    Housing Insecure 91

    Housing Secure 98

    Recommendations for Practice and Research 99

    Develop a Response to Student Needs 100

    Spread the Word 100

    Capture Comparable Institutional, State, and National Data 101

    Investigate Subcategories of Housing Insecurity 102

    Implications for Policy, Practice, and Research 103

    Recommendations Based on Research 103

    Awareness of the Issue and Resources 104

    Community Partnerships 104

    Organized Response 105

    Access to Mental Health Services 107

    Financial Aid and Support 108

    College Access 108

    Comprehensive Policy Development 109

    Conclusion 109

    References 110

    Name Index 119

    Subject Index 125

    About the Authors 127